The influence of geology on the course and outcome of the Third Battle of Ypres (Flanders, WW1)

Authors

  • Marko Zečević Dr Franjo Tudjman Croatian Defence Academy

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17794/rgn%20zbornik.v31i1.3674

Abstract

Geological structure of the terrain as a ground for a battlefield could be a significant factor for the success or failure of a military operation. The geology of the Belgian town of Ypres was an important, maybe even crucial factor, of the failure of the WWI Allied Powers offensive military operations against German Axis forces in 1917. The Early Eocene clays found at the ground surface at Ypres, coupled with excess precipitation, turned out to be utterly inappropriate for the fortification, movement, fighting and manoeuvring of all military units, especially the armoured units that were directed towards hardly passable routes. With selecting the unsuitable and hardly passable terrain, that is the direction of the attack, the British army had losses of the available combat potential and armoured forces were ineffective during the battle. The total number of Allied casualties was 448,000 dead, wounded, imprisoned and missing. This paper offers other possible solutions that would, from a military geographic and military geological viewpoint, have made a better solution for achieving the strategic goal required by the Allies on the eve of the Third Battle of Ypres in 1917.

Author Biography

Marko Zečević, Dr Franjo Tudjman Croatian Defence Academy

Centre for Defence and Strategic Studies, Major

Downloads

Published

2015-12-12

How to Cite

Zečević, M. (2015). The influence of geology on the course and outcome of the Third Battle of Ypres (Flanders, WW1). Rudarsko-geološko-Naftni Zbornik (The Mining-Geological-Petroleum Engineering Bulletin), 31(1), 1–17. https://doi.org/10.17794/rgn zbornik.v31i1.3674

Issue

Section

Geology