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Croatica Chemica Acta, Vol.82 No.1 Lipanj 2009.

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Solvent Effects on the Stereoselectivity of Reaction of Methyl Acrylate, Methyl Methacrylate and Methyl trans-Crotonate with Cyclopentadiene: A Computational Study

Manoj K. Kesharwani ; Central Salt & Marine Chemicals Research Institute (CSIR), Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India
Bishwajit Ganguly ; Central Salt & Marine Chemicals Research Institute (CSIR), Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (1 MB) str. 291-298 preuzimanja: 1.067* citiraj
APA
Kesharwani, M.K., Ganguly, B. (2009). Solvent Effects on the Stereoselectivity of Reaction of Methyl Acrylate, Methyl Methacrylate and Methyl trans-Crotonate with Cyclopentadiene: A Computational Study. Croatica Chemica Acta, 82(1), 291-298. Preuzeto s http://hrcak.srce.hr/38640

Sažetak
The stereoselectivity of reaction of methyl acrylate, methyl methacrylate and methyl transcrotonate with cyclopentadiene was studied with ab initio RHF/6-31G* and B3LYP/6-31G* levels of theory. The stereoselectivities predicted for methyl acrylate and methyl methacrylate with cyclopentadiene in the gas phase were found to be in good agreement with experimental results. The preference of endo selectivity in solvents was more pronounced for methyl acrylate, however, the preference for the exo-addition for methyl methacrylate was predicted to be reduced in solvents. The solvent calculations predicted the endo- preference for methyl trans-crotonate in agreement with the experimental observations. The lower endo selectivity for methyl trans-crotonate with cyclopentadiene seems to be governed by the degree of asynchronicity of endo- and exo-transition states in water. B3LYP/6-31G* calculated activation enthalpy was found to be in good agreement with the observed activation enthalpy for methyl acrylate and cyclopentadiene, however, this method does not predict the stereoselectivities correctly in all cases. The hydrogen bonding between water and polarized transition states seems to be important for rate acceleration in water

Ključne riječi
DFT; Diels-Alder; stereoselectivity; solvent; global electrophilicity

Hrčak ID: 38640

URI
http://hrcak.srce.hr/38640

Posjeta: 1.306 *