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Review article

The growing relevance of cap-independent translation initiation in cancer-related genes

PETAR OZRETIĆ   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0001-9757-6636 ; Laboratory for Hereditary Cancer, Division of Molecular Medicine, Ruđer Bošković Institute, HR-10000 Zagreb, Croatia
ALESSANDRA BISIO ; Laboratory of Transcriptional Networks, Centre for Integrative Biology, University of Trento, I-38060 Trento, Italy
ALBERTO INGA   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-8767-1637 ; University of Trento, I-38060 Trento, Italy
SONJA LEVANAT ; Laboratory for Hereditary Cancer, Division of Molecular Medicine, Ruđer Bošković Institute, HR-10000 Zagreb, Croatia

Fulltext: english, pdf (270 KB) pages 471-478 downloads: 1.082* cite
APA 6th Edition
OZRETIĆ, P., BISIO, A., INGA, A. & LEVANAT, S. (2012). The growing relevance of cap-independent translation initiation in cancer-related genes. Periodicum biologorum, 114 (4), 471-478. Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/101206
MLA 8th Edition
OZRETIĆ, PETAR, et al. "The growing relevance of cap-independent translation initiation in cancer-related genes." Periodicum biologorum, vol. 114, no. 4, 2012, pp. 471-478. https://hrcak.srce.hr/101206. Accessed 12 May 2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
OZRETIĆ, PETAR, ALESSANDRA BISIO, ALBERTO INGA and SONJA LEVANAT. "The growing relevance of cap-independent translation initiation in cancer-related genes." Periodicum biologorum 114, no. 4 (2012): 471-478. https://hrcak.srce.hr/101206
Harvard
OZRETIĆ, P., et al. (2012). 'The growing relevance of cap-independent translation initiation in cancer-related genes', Periodicum biologorum, 114(4), pp. 471-478. Available at: https://hrcak.srce.hr/101206 (Accessed 12 May 2021)
Vancouver
OZRETIĆ P, BISIO A, INGA A, LEVANAT S. The growing relevance of cap-independent translation initiation in cancer-related genes. Periodicum biologorum [Internet]. 2012 [cited 2021 May 12];114(4):471-478. Available from: https://hrcak.srce.hr/101206
IEEE
P. OZRETIĆ, A. BISIO, A. INGA and S. LEVANAT, "The growing relevance of cap-independent translation initiation in cancer-related genes", Periodicum biologorum, vol.114, no. 4, pp. 471-478, 2012. [Online]. Available: https://hrcak.srce.hr/101206. [Accessed: 12 May 2021]

Abstracts
Twomainmechanisms for eukaryotic initiation of protein synthesis have been described – the canonical cap-dependent and the alternative cap-independent. They mainly differ in their requirement for 7-methylguanosine cap at 5’ end of mRNAmolecules to initiate translation. In cap-independent translation initiation, an element within 5’ untranslated region (5’UTR) ofmRNA, defined internal
ribosome entry site (IRES), recruits 40S ribosomal subunit directly or
close to the start codon without the need for the 5’ cap.

Some cellular mRNAs – including those encoding for a number of growth factors, oncogenes, receptors, survival proteins, transcription and translation factors – contain IRES elements within their 5’ UTR what may allow them to be translated under different physiological or stress conditions (e.g., amino acid starvation, apoptosis, growth arrest, heat shock,mitosis, radiation) when global cap-dependent protein synthesis is suppressed. IRES-dependent translationmay
escape the control of checkpoints present in cap-dependent regulation causing improper protein synthesis that can lead to cell apoptosis or disease. A growing number of cancer-related genes have been reported whose translation initiation depends on the presence of IRES element in their mRNA. These findings make
the quest for discovering and testing new putative cellular IRESes even more meaningful. A deeper understanding of the role of IRES-dependent translation initiation in cancer etiology could ultimately give us a novel targets for cancer therapy.

Keywords
translation initiation; cap-dependent; cap-independent; IRES; cancer genes

Hrčak ID: 101206

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/101206

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