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Original scientific paper

Diesel Consumption and Carbon Balance in South African Pine Clear-Felling CTL Operations: a Preliminary Case Study

Pierre Ackerman ; Department of Forest and Wood Science Faculty of AgriSciences Stellenbosch University Private Bag X1, Matieland Stellenbosch 7602
Chloe Williams ; Department of Forest and Wood Science Faculty of AgriSciences Stellenbosch University Private Bag X1, Matieland Stellenbosch 7602
Simon Ackerman ; Institute of Commercial Forestry Research PO Box 100281, Scottsville 3209 SOUTH AFRICA
Carla Nati ; CNR-Ivalsa Via Madonna del Piano 10 I-50019 – Sesto Fiorentino (FI) ITALY

Fulltext: english, pdf (393 KB) pages 65-72 downloads: 189* cite
APA 6th Edition
Ackerman, P., Williams, C., Ackerman, S. & Nati, C. (2017). Diesel Consumption and Carbon Balance in South African Pine Clear-Felling CTL Operations: a Preliminary Case Study. Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering, 38 (1), 65-72. Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/174451
MLA 8th Edition
Ackerman, Pierre, et al. "Diesel Consumption and Carbon Balance in South African Pine Clear-Felling CTL Operations: a Preliminary Case Study." Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering, vol. 38, no. 1, 2017, pp. 65-72. https://hrcak.srce.hr/174451. Accessed 26 Jun. 2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Ackerman, Pierre, Chloe Williams, Simon Ackerman and Carla Nati. "Diesel Consumption and Carbon Balance in South African Pine Clear-Felling CTL Operations: a Preliminary Case Study." Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering 38, no. 1 (2017): 65-72. https://hrcak.srce.hr/174451
Harvard
Ackerman, P., et al. (2017). 'Diesel Consumption and Carbon Balance in South African Pine Clear-Felling CTL Operations: a Preliminary Case Study', Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering, 38(1), pp. 65-72. Available at: https://hrcak.srce.hr/174451 (Accessed 26 June 2019)
Vancouver
Ackerman P, Williams C, Ackerman S, Nati C. Diesel Consumption and Carbon Balance in South African Pine Clear-Felling CTL Operations: a Preliminary Case Study. Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering [Internet]. 2017 [cited 2019 June 26];38(1):65-72. Available from: https://hrcak.srce.hr/174451
IEEE
P. Ackerman, C. Williams, S. Ackerman and C. Nati, "Diesel Consumption and Carbon Balance in South African Pine Clear-Felling CTL Operations: a Preliminary Case Study", Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering, vol.38, no. 1, pp. 65-72, 2017. [Online]. Available: https://hrcak.srce.hr/174451. [Accessed: 26 June 2019]

Abstracts
Recent and increasing use of mechanized cut-to-length (CTL) operations in South Africa has been associated with greater diesel and lubricant requirements than was previously the case with motor-manual or semi-mechanized activities, placing a strain on the environmental and economic sustainability of operations. This case study explores diesel and lubricant consumption of a typical CTL pine saw timber operation, taking into account the stand and terrain factors, with the aim of setting baselines for these consumption rates as well as carbon emissions. Data analyzed was provided by Bosbok Ontginning, a contractor based in Mpumulanga, throughout their clear-fell operations over the 49 compartments from May 2014 to June 2015. The mean diesel consumption rate was found to be 0.64 l m-3 and 0.38 l m-3, while the lubricant consumption was 0.08 l m-3 and 0.03 l m-3 for the harvester and the forwarder, respectively. Carbon emissions from diesel were found to account for less than 1% of the carbon stored in the harvested timber. Statistical analysis showed that tree size, stand density and ground condition were not significant predictors of either diesel or lubricant consumption. Prior research suggests that other factors not included in this study (i.e. machine characteristics, operator habits and productivity) may have a more pronounced effect on diesel consumption. Future studies should therefore be conducted to analyze these factors within South African conditions as well as explore stand and terrain conditions more specifically and over more diverse stand and terrain conditions as well as machine types.

Keywords
diesel; lubricant; emissions; carbon; cut-to-length

Hrčak ID: 174451

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/174451

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