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Original scientific paper

An Unidentified Skeletal Assemblage from a Post-1755 Mass Grave of Lisbon: Dental Morphology and Population Affinity

Cristiana Pereira   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-9164-7189 ; Dental School from University of Lisbon
Miguel Telles Antunes ; Museum of the Academy of Sciences of Lisbon
Dinis Pestana ; Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon
Maria Cristina de Mendonça ; Medical Scholl from University of Coimbra
Jorge Costa Santos ; Center of Statistics and Applications of University of Lisbon

Fulltext: english, pdf (3 MB) pages 12-26 downloads: 811* cite
APA 6th Edition
Pereira, C., Telles Antunes, M., Pestana, D., de Mendonça, M.C. & Santos, J.C. (2012). An Unidentified Skeletal Assemblage from a Post-1755 Mass Grave of Lisbon: Dental Morphology and Population Affinity. Bulletin of the International Association for Paleodontology, 6 (1), 12-26. Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/84117
MLA 8th Edition
Pereira, Cristiana, et al. "An Unidentified Skeletal Assemblage from a Post-1755 Mass Grave of Lisbon: Dental Morphology and Population Affinity." Bulletin of the International Association for Paleodontology, vol. 6, no. 1, 2012, pp. 12-26. https://hrcak.srce.hr/84117. Accessed 24 Jun. 2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Pereira, Cristiana, Miguel Telles Antunes, Dinis Pestana, Maria Cristina de Mendonça and Jorge Costa Santos. "An Unidentified Skeletal Assemblage from a Post-1755 Mass Grave of Lisbon: Dental Morphology and Population Affinity." Bulletin of the International Association for Paleodontology 6, no. 1 (2012): 12-26. https://hrcak.srce.hr/84117
Harvard
Pereira, C., et al. (2012). 'An Unidentified Skeletal Assemblage from a Post-1755 Mass Grave of Lisbon: Dental Morphology and Population Affinity', Bulletin of the International Association for Paleodontology, 6(1), pp. 12-26. Available at: https://hrcak.srce.hr/84117 (Accessed 24 June 2021)
Vancouver
Pereira C, Telles Antunes M, Pestana D, de Mendonça MC, Santos JC. An Unidentified Skeletal Assemblage from a Post-1755 Mass Grave of Lisbon: Dental Morphology and Population Affinity. Bulletin of the International Association for Paleodontology [Internet]. 2012 [cited 2021 June 24];6(1):12-26. Available from: https://hrcak.srce.hr/84117
IEEE
C. Pereira, M. Telles Antunes, D. Pestana, M.C. de Mendonça and J.C. Santos, "An Unidentified Skeletal Assemblage from a Post-1755 Mass Grave of Lisbon: Dental Morphology and Population Affinity", Bulletin of the International Association for Paleodontology, vol.6, no. 1, pp. 12-26, 2012. [Online]. Available: https://hrcak.srce.hr/84117. [Accessed: 24 June 2021]

Abstracts
Dental morphology is treated differently by different researchers. Some authors consider tooth size alone, whereas others take the shape of the tooth into account. We distinguish size from morphology because the methods of study, as well as the underlying principles for each one are distinct. Although morphology and shape have more in common than morphology and size, shape also shows noteworthy differences. Methods developed for ascertaining “tooth shape” for dental anthropological and forensic purposes have not been adopted widely, partly because they are difficult to replicate, which diminishes their utility in comparative studies. In this investigation, we focus on what forensic experts refer to as dental morphology; that is, distinct features or traits of the crowns and roots that are present or absent and, when present, exhibit variable degrees of expression. Common examples include shovel-shaped incisors, upper and lower molar cusp number, Carabelli’s cusp and three-rooted lower first molars. This study comprises 1210 disarticulated teeth, 179 jaws and 65 skulls from a skeletal assemblage of commingled remains belonging to victims of the 1755 Lisbon earthquake. These remains were excavated in 2004 at the Lisbon Academy of Sciences and were analysed according to dental morphology parameters utilised by the Arizona State University Dental Anthropology System to ascertain population affinity.

Keywords
1755 Earthquake of Lisbon; Population Affinity; Dental Morphology; Forensic Sciences

Hrčak ID: 84117

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/84117

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