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Separation of Copper from Chalcopyrite – Ammoniacal Leach Liquor Containing Copper, Zinc, and Magnesium by Supported Liquid Membrane

A. O. Adebayo ; Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Technology, 340001 Akure, Ondo State Nigeria
K. Sarangi ; Institute of Minerals and Materials Technology (CSIR), Bhubaneswar 751013, Orissa, India

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 158 Kb

str. 309-316

preuzimanja: 387



A low grade chalcopyrite ore was leached with H2O2/(NH4)2SO4 and the leach liquor contained 42.96 mol m–3 copper, 3.52 mol m–3 zinc and 11.23 mol m–3 magnesium. From this leach liquor separation of copper was carried out with supported liquid membrane using LIX84I as mobile carrier. Celgard 2400, a microporous polypropylene film
was used as the solid support for the liquid membrane. The effect of pH of the feed solution and carrier concentration in membrane phase on copper flux was investigated. It was observed that copper flux increased from 0.92 to 6.31.10–5 mol m–2 s–1 with increase in
pH of the feed solution from 1.5 to 3.0 but the flux decreased to 5.95.10–5 mol m–2 s–1 with increasing the feed solution pH to 3.5. Also, the copper flux increased with the increase of LIX 84I concentration (0.361 – 1.44 mol L–1) in the membrane phase
from 1.02 to 6.60.10–5 mol m–2 s–1 and thereafter decreased to 5.23.10–5 mol m–2 s–1 at 1.805 mol L–1 LIX84I. From the slope analysis data, the number of hydrogen ions released and the number of extractant molecules associated with the extracted complex
was determined. The forward reaction rate constant, k1 and aqueous film diffusion constant, kw were calculated to be 3.34.10–11/9.13.10–10 m s–1 and 2.40.10–6 m s–1, respectively.
The separation factors PCu/PZn and PCu/PMg were calculated and reported in the paper.

Ključne riječi

Copper, supported liquid membrane, LIX 84I, permeation, diffusivity and flux

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