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Optimization of Medium Compositions Using Statistical Experimental Design to Produce Lipase by Bacillus subtilis

S.-W. Cheng ; School of Life Sciences, Ludong University, 186 Hongqi Central Road, Yantai 264025, China
Y.-F. Wang ; School of Information Science and Engineering, Shandong Normal University, 88 Wenhua Road, Jinan 250014, China
F.-F. Liu ; School of Life Sciences, Ludong University, 186 Hongqi Central Road, Yantai 264025, China

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 622 Kb

str. 377-383

preuzimanja: 437



Statistical experimental design was employed to optimize medium compositions to enhance the activity of lipase from Bacillus subtilis. Plackett–Burman design was applied to evaluate the effect of different medium compositions obtained by one-factor-at-a-time experiments, and ammonium chloride, ammonium sulfate and dipotassium hydrogen phosphate were found to influence the activity of lipase significantly. Steepest ascent method was employed to approach the experimental design space, followed by an application of central composite design and response surface methodology for further
optimization. A quadratic model was found to fit the lipase activity, and the optimal medium compositions were determined as included 45 g L–1 NH4Cl, 20.4 g L–1 (NH4)2SO4 and 12.6 g L–1 K2HPO4. The corresponding lipase activity was 91.39 U mL–1. Validation experiments were also carried out to prove the adequacy and the accuracy of the model obtained. The lipase activity reached 91.46 U mL–1, which was almost equal to the actual predicted value, about 4.94-fold increase compared with that using the original medium.

Ključne riječi

Bacillus subtilis, central composite design, lipase, Plackett–Burman design, response surface methodology

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