Current Migration Movements in Europe
Jelena Zlatković Winter
APA 6th Edition
Zlatković Winter, J. (2004). Current Migration Movements in Europe. Migracijske i etničke teme, 20 (2-3), 161-170. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/7262
MLA 8th Edition
Zlatković Winter, Jelena. "Current Migration Movements in Europe." Migracijske i etničke teme, vol. 20, br. 2-3, 2004, str. 161-170. https://hrcak.srce.hr/7262. Citirano 16.08.2022.
Chicago 17th Edition
Zlatković Winter, Jelena. "Current Migration Movements in Europe." Migracijske i etničke teme 20, br. 2-3 (2004): 161-170. https://hrcak.srce.hr/7262
Zlatković Winter, J. (2004). 'Current Migration Movements in Europe', Migracijske i etničke teme, 20(2-3), str. 161-170. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/7262 (Datum pristupa: 16.08.2022.)
Zlatković Winter J. Current Migration Movements in Europe. Migracijske i etničke teme [Internet]. 2004 [pristupljeno 16.08.2022.];20(2-3):161-170. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/7262
J. Zlatković Winter, "Current Migration Movements in Europe", Migracijske i etničke teme, vol.20, br. 2-3, str. 161-170, 2004. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/7262. [Citirano: 16.08.2022.]
After a brief historical review of migrations in Europe, the paper focuses on current migration trends and their consequences. At the end of the 1950s, Western Europe began to recruit labour from several Mediterranean countries – Italy, Spain, Portugal and former Yugoslavia, and later from Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and Turkey. Some countries, such as France, Great Britain and the Netherlands, recruited also workers from their former colonies. In 1970 Germany had the highest absolute number of foreigners, followed by France, and then Switzerland and Belgium. The total number of immigrants in Western Europe was twelve million. During the 1970s mass recruitment of foreign workers was abandoned, and only the arrival of their family members was permitted, which led to family reunification in the countries of employment. Europe closed its borders, with the result that clandestine migration increased. The year 1989 was a turning point in the history of international migrations. The political changes in Central and Eastern Europe brought about mass migration to the West, which culminated in the so-called “mass movement of 1989–1990”. The arrival of ethnic Germans in Germany, migration inside and outside of the territory of the former Soviet Union, an increase in the number of asylum seekers and displaced persons, due to armed conflicts, are – according to the author – the main traits of current migration. The main part of the paper discusses the causes and effects of this mass wave, as well as trends in labour migration, which is still present. The second part of the paper, after presenting a typology of migrations, deals with the complex processes that brought about the formation of new communities and led to the phenomenon of new ethnic minorities and to corresponding migration policies in Western European countries that had to address these issues.
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