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On verbs governing obligatory adverbials in Bosnian

Ismail Palić orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-9128-236X ; Filozofski fakultet, Sarajevo


Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 146 Kb

str. 201-217

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Sažetak

Obligatory adverbials as a phenomenon are not well described in grammars of the Bosnian
language. The main reason is the fact that adverbials are usually considered as adjuncts, i.e.
free elements of the sentence, and so the term ’obligatory adverbial’ sounds contradictory.
However, if the grammatical sentence structure gets divided into three basic elements: the
predicate (the main sentence member), complements (the sentence members included by some
subclasses of the word classes, necessary for the sentence’s grammaticality) and adjuncts (the
omissible sentence members which can be included by the whole word classes, unnecessary for
the sentence’s grammaticality), then an appropriate theoretical framework for the obligatory
adverbials can be obtained.
There are undoubtedly syntactic constructions consisting of governing verbs and obligatory
adverbials in Bosnian. According to my present knowledge, these constructions are formed with
around a hundred verbs which are in general characterized by semantic incompleteness that
shows up in the impossibility of using them without the appropriate adverbials. The obligatory
adverbial must be used together with its governing verb in the same sentence. It can not be used
in another sentence nor it can be implied in the context. That is the main difference between
obligatory (non–omissible) adverbials and free (omissible) adverbials.
It is only important for the obligatory adverbials that they convey the meaning implied by
the governing verb. The category and the form of the syntactic unit which is being used in that
function are not important at all. That is because these types of adverbials are included in the
verbal construction by weak government.
There are obligatory adverbials meaning place, manner (modus), quantity, cause, time and
purpose (aim). The most numerous are those meaning place and manner. The semantic fields
which the verbs governing obligatory adverbials with these two meanings belong to are very
diverse. The verbs with the other semantic types of obligatory adverbials are semantically
uniform.

Ključne riječi

adverbial complements, sentence grammaticality, Bosnian language

Hrčak ID:

74647

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/74647

Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

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