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Hrvoje Plavšić

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 94 Kb

str. 70-71

preuzimanja: 869



Today we can see climatic changes more often than before. This investigation tried to give the answer, when and how much water and nitrogen we should apply to achieve high and quality yield. In 2000 and 2002 field experiment has been set by split-plot method at The Agricultural Institute of Osijek. The main factor (A) was keeping the water content in the soil in three different levels (A1 80-100 % fwc – field water capacity; A2 65-100 % fwc and A3 control without irrigation). Factor B was application of nitrogen in three levels (B1 100 kg N/ha; B2 150 kg N/ha; B3 200 kg N/ha). Some physical and chemical components of the soil and water for irrigation were determined. During the vegetation, water content in the soil was measured, and irrigation was applied when water content decreased below minimal basic value in A1 or A2 variants. The irrigation was realized with sprinkler system «Tifon». Water for irrigation had no limitation. Nitrogen was added in autumn, spring, before sowing and during the vegetation. Climatic value were monitored during the vegetation together with crop condition and plant characteristics (plant hight to the ear and to the top of the plant). At the end of the vegetation, yield components were determined from 10 ears (ear length, grain row and grain number on the ear, grain weight from the ear, hectolitar mass, 1000 grain mass, dry matter, randman and nitrogen content in the grain). After the end of vegetation, grain samples were taken for determination of nitrogen supply. It was established that the maize yield was under the significant influence of the year (in 2002 yield was higher for 1,49 t/ha related to 2000). In both years, significantly higher yields were realized on A1 variant. Variant B3 had significantly higher yield only in 2002. Significant to very significant influence of irrigation related to non irrigation was realized in several components: plant hight to the ear and to the top of the plant, grain weight and 1000 grain mass and the hectolitar mass in 2000. In 2000 significant influence of B3 was realized for grain row on ear and in 2002 for ear length and grain mass on the ear. Each variant with higher nitrogen level resulted in significantly higher soil nitrogen content in 2002.

Ključne riječi

irrigation, water, nitrogen, yield, yield components, maize

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Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

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