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Periodontal Condition and Tooth Loss in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients

Leógenes Maia Santiago ; Student, Državno sveučilište Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil
José Mário Guimarães ; Liječnik specijalist reumatolog, Municipal Health Department, Caruaru, Brazil
Juliano Busetti ; Eastman Dental Institute, Parodontologija, ITI Scholar, London, UK
Jair Carneiro Leão ; PhD, Državno sveučilište Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil
Renata Cimões orcid id ; PhD, Državno sveučilište Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 269 Kb

str. 16-22

preuzimanja: 659


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 269 Kb

str. 16-22

preuzimanja: 543



Aim: Periodontal disease and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have similar underlying pathological processes. Chronic inflammation and immune dysfunction are central to both diseases, and both are modulated by cytokines, as mediators of inflammation. This study evaluated the periodontal condition and tooth loss in RA patients and compared them with systemically healthy patients. Material and Methods: In total, 106 subjects participated: 53 with RA and 53 healthy controls, paired by gender and age. We recorded socioeconomic data and information about oral and systemic health. Clinical examinations were performed at six sites per tooth. Bleeding on probing (BOP), probing depth (PD), clinical attachment level (CAL), and total number of teeth were recorded. The diagnosis of the periodontal condition followed the American Academy of Periodontology criteria. RA was diagnosed according to the American College of Rheumatology guidelines. Results: The RA group exhibited a significantly higher percentage of BOP and a significantly higher CAL compared with the control group (p < 0.001 for each). There was no difference in tooth loss between the groups. Conclusion: The RA patients exhibited worse periodontal conditions than systemically healthy patients.

Ključne riječi

Rheumatoid Arthritis; Periodontal Disease; Tooth Loss; Cytokines

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Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

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