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On the Influence of Byzantine Culture on Renaissance Dubrovnik and Dalmatia

Zdenka Janeković-Römer

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 188 Kb


str. 7-24

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The influence of Byzantine culture in medieval Dalmatia was neither sporadic nor isolated, but deeply rooted in its past. It was in Dubrovnik more than anywhere else in Dalmatia that the blending of the medieval East and West took place. Dubrovnik was an exclusively Catholic city, hostile to Orthodoxy yet open to the spiritual currents from the Byzantium. Greek scholars who fled from Constantinople after its fall—via Dalmatia and Dubrovnik—to Italy spread knowledge of Greek language and learning. Many Greeks and philhellenes who arrived in the towns of the eastern Adriatic coast contributed to the flourishing of humanism in Dalmatia, and Dubrovnik thus witnessed Xenophon and Gian Mario Philelpho, Demetrius Chakokondylos and others. Under their influence the humanists of Dalmatia and Dubrovnik took special interest in Greek by collecting Greek works and manuscripts for their libraries, the largest collections being those of Frano Petrić (Franciscus Patricius) and Ivan Stojković (John of Ragusa). This new enchantment with Greek culture resulted in a few remarkable contributions to European culture, such as Kunić’s translation of Iliad or Zamagna’s translation of Odyssey into Latin.
Special attention is devoted to Cardinal Bessarion or rather to his ideas on the union between the Western and Eastern Churches and their influence in the Croatian land

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