Skoči na glavni sadržaj

Pregledni rad

https://doi.org/10.2478/10004-1254-63-2012-2130

Influence of Heredity and Environment on Peak Bone Density: A Review of Studies in Croatia

Selma Cvijetić-Avdagić ; Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health, Zagreb, Croatia
Irena Colić-Barić ; Laboratory for Food Chemistry and Nutrition, Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Irena Keser ; Laboratory for Food Chemistry and Nutrition, Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Ivana Rumbak ; Laboratory for Food Chemistry and Nutrition, Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Zvonimir Šatalić ; Laboratory for Food Chemistry and Nutrition, Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 94 Kb

str. 11-15

preuzimanja: 672

citiraj


Sažetak

One of the main determinants of who will develop osteoporosis is the amount of bone accumulated at peak bone density. There is poor agreement, however, on when peak bone density occurs. Ethnic differences were observed in age at peak bone density and their correlates. Since the diagnosis of osteoporosis and osteopaenia is based on the comparison between patients’ bone mineral density (BMD) and optimal peak bone density in healthy young people (T-score), it is of great importance that each country should provide its own reference peak bone density data. This review article presents our published results on peak bone density in Croatia and compares them with findings in other populations. Our research included 18 to 25-year-old students from Zagreb University and their parents. The results showed that peak bone mass in young Croatian women was achieved before the age of twenty, but BMD continued to increase after the mid-twenties in the long-bone cortical skeleton. BMD was comparable to the values reported by the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and other studies that included the same age groups, except for the cortical part of the radius, where it was signifi cantly lower. Men achieved peak bone density in the spine later than women, which cannot be explained by different diet or physical activity. As expected, heredity was more important for peak bone density than the environmental factors known to be important for bone health. However, the infl uence of heredity was not as strong as observed in most other populations. It was also weaker in the cortical than in the trabecular parts of the skeleton. Future research should include young adolescent population to defi ne the exact age of achieving peak bone density in different skeletal sites.

Ključne riječi

calcium intake, heredity, peak bone density, physical activity

Hrčak ID:

80275

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/80275

Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 1.219 *