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Seventeenth-Century Marian Shrines of Dubrovnik According to Wilhelm Gumppenberg’s Atlas Marianus

Pavo Knezović

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 1.219 Kb

str. 75-92

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One of the most ardent worshippers and devotees of the cult of Our Lady in the seventeenth century was a German Jesuit Wilhelm Gumppenberg, who published a four-volume work entitled Atlas Marianus sive De imaginibus Deiparae per orbem Christianum miraculosis (Ingolstadt, 1657-1659). It contains references to more than 1,200 Marian shrines throughout the world, while one hundred of the greatest and most famous shrines have been described in detail. Among the latter are the three shrines from the Dubrovnik Republic: Beata Virgo miraculosa in Breno (listed under no. 17 in vol. 2), Beata Virgo miraculosa de Castello Ragusae (no. 21 in vol. 4), and Beata Virgo miraculosa de porta Ragusae (no. 22 in vol. 4). The description contains the sources on the shrine’s origin as well as its condition. Gumppenberg’s source for the first two Du brovnik shrines were Annali di Ragusa by Nikola Ragnina. The word portu in the name of the third shrine had probably been misprinted as porta, since the description of the Virgin’s painting, place where it is kept and worshipped points to the painting of Gospa od Porata (Imago B. Virginis miraculosa de portu). The existence of these shrines is evidenced by the medieval records of the Dubrovnik chancellery. Although Gumppenberg refers to the shrines in the period before the Great Earthquake of 1667, they have remained active over the centuries, some even to our day. Atlas Marianus also brings most faithful reproductions of these miraculous images of Our Lady. The article brings to light the whole text and the reproductions from the first edition of Gumppenberg’s work, which has seen many editions and was subject to frequent revisions. The work was also widely translated, though in parts, singling out on the shrines of particular nations. The fact that Croatian shrines found their place in the prestigious Marian work of Wilhelm Gump penberg cannot be traced in Croatian scholarly literature to date.

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