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NEW VACCINATION PROTOCOL AGAINST HEPATITIS B FOR HEMODYALISIS PATIENTS – A SINGLE-CENTRE EXPERIENCE

HALIMA RESIĆ ; Klinika za hemodijalizu, Klinički centar Univerziteta u Sarajevu, Sarajevo, Bosna i Hercegovina
NIHAD KUKAVICA ; Klinika za hemodijalizu, Klinički centar Univerziteta u Sarajevu, Sarajevo, Bosna i Hercegovina
FAHRUDIN MAŠNIĆ ; Klinika za hemodijalizu, Klinički centar Univerziteta u Sarajevu, Sarajevo, Bosna i Hercegovina
NEJRA PROHIĆ ; Klinika za hemodijalizu, Klinički centar Univerziteta u Sarajevu, Sarajevo, Bosna i Hercegovina
VAHIDIN ŠAHOVIĆ ; Klinika za hemodijalizu, Klinički centar Univerziteta u Sarajevu, Sarajevo, Bosna i Hercegovina
SELMA AJANOVIĆ ; Klinika za hemodijalizu, Klinički centar Univerziteta u Sarajevu, Sarajevo, Bosna i Hercegovina
AIDA ĆORIĆ ; Klinika za hemodijalizu, Klinički centar Univerziteta u Sarajevu, Sarajevo, Bosna i Hercegovina
EMIR AVDIĆ ; Klinika za hemodijalizu, Klinički centar Univerziteta u Sarajevu, Sarajevo, Bosna i Hercegovina
DŽANA HELAĆ-CVIJETIĆ ; Klinika za hemodijalizu, Klinički centar Univerziteta u Sarajevu, Sarajevo, Bosna i Hercegovina


Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 374 Kb

str. 405-414

preuzimanja: 1.425

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Sažetak

Patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) have a reduced response to vaccination against hepatitis B infection. The aim of the study has been to determine the adequacy of immune response with new protocol of vaccination against hepatitis B infection. Patients and methods: The study included incident hemodialysis patients since 2008 until 2011 at the Clinic of Hemodialysis of the Clinical Center of the University of Sarajevo. We started the new vaccination protocol in September 2009. New protocol implied vaccination six month before starting renal replacement therapy (RRT) and “ic” (intracutaneously) application vaccine vs. “sc” (subcutaneously) application. Vaccination was carried out for over 12 months. The follow up period lasted from 2009 to 2011. Results: The study included 64 patients, men were represented with 57,81% (37), and 42,19% women (27), who were divided in two groups. The first group included patients from the period from 2008 to 2009, who have been vaccinated under the old vaccination protocol, while the second group included patients with the new protocol from September 2009 to 2011. The first group had 28 patients, mean age of patients was 55,17±11,84 and mean duration of hemodialysis was 24,65±5,32 months. The second group had 36 patients, mean age of patients was 62,79±15,88 years, and mean duration of hemodialysis was 22,16 ± 24,53 month. Neither group of patient has been previously vaccinated, nor these had positive in serum antiHBs before vaccination in second group. Five patients received a booster dose of vaccine, after which 4 showed adequate responses to anti HbS. In the first group of patients, out of total of 28 patients, 15 patients did not respond response with the adequate anti-HbS titer at the end of vaccination. In the second group of patients, out of 36 patients 31 of them responded to the vaccination with the new protocol, which was statistically significant (p<0,005). The total percentage of patients with adequate titer of antiHBs after vaccination towards a new protocol was 97.43% and the percentage of patients who required booster dose of vaccines was 12.82%. Conclusion: Vaccination of patients in ESRD,six months before renal replacement therapy and intradermal application of vaccine vs. subcutaneously, improved immune response of our patients.

Ključne riječi

hemodialysis, vaccination, anti HBs, antigen, hepatitis B

Hrčak ID:

89627

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/89627

Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 2.114 *