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HOSPITALIZATION OF CHILDREN WITH TRAUMATIC BRAIN WOUNDS IN BROD - POSAVINA COUNTY

JOSIP MIHIĆ ; Odjel za kirurgiju, Opća bolnica “Dr. Josip Benčević”, Slavonski Brod, Hrvatska
KREŠIMIR ROTIM ; Klinika za neurokirurgiju, Klinički bolnički centar «Sestre milosrdnice», Zagreb, Hrvatska
MILAN BITUNJAC ; Odjel za neurologiju, Opća bolnica “Dr. Josip Benčević”, Slavonski Brod, Hrvatska
JOSIP SAMARDŽIĆ ; Odjel za kirurgiju, Opća bolnica “Dr. Josip Benčević”, Slavonski Brod, Hrvatska
LIDIJA ŠAPINA ; Odjel za neurologiju, Opća bolnica “Dr. Josip Benčević”, Slavonski Brod, Hrvatska


Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 136 Kb

str. 445-451

preuzimanja: 1.943

citiraj


Sažetak

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the most common cause of acquired disability and death in children. Retrospective analysis showed 350 children, 128 (36.6%) girls and 222 (63.4%) boys who were hospitalized for injury of neurocranium in a 5 year-period in Dr. Josip Benčević General Hospital in Slavonski Brod. Most of them had both contusion and commotion (46.8%), followed by just contusion of the head (12.5%) and fractures of the skull (10.5%). The haemorrhages and hemathomas were less common (epidural, subdural, SAH) (3.2%). The procedures performed showed that in almost all children X-rays had been performed (99.7%). The most commonly X-rays performed were those of the head (craniogram) and/or cervical spine, followed by CT, EEG, ultrasound and NMR. The occurence of complications was recorded in only 2% of injured children (seizure, syncopa, febrile convulsions). Analysis of treatment methods showed that in most children (89.6%) therapy was conservative. The injured children were hospitalizated mostly for 2 days (34.5%) or 3 days (32.5%), while longer hospitalization was less common. Regarding extra consultation of other specialists (besides neurosurgeons), the most commonly consulted were pediatrician, surgeon/traumatologist, specialist of ENT/maxilofacial surgery, neuropediatrician, pediatric surgeon, ophthalmologist and others. It can be said that the prognosis of TBI in children depends on the age, neurological status and kind of injury, and on the quality of care, which involves availability of neurosurgeons and other specialists.

Ključne riječi

traumatic brain injury, children, hospitalization, head injury

Hrčak ID:

89632

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/89632

Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 2.953 *