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Prevalence and Associated Factors of Dental Erosion in a Population of Greek Adults

Nikolaos Andreas Chrysanthakopoulos ; Oralni kirurg na Maksilofacijalnoj i oralnoj kirurgiji Opće vojne bolnice u Ateni, Grčka

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 265 Kb


str. 263-272

preuzimanja: 493


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 265 Kb


str. 263-272

preuzimanja: 422



Aim: The aim of the current research was to assess the prevalence of dental erosion and to investigate possible associations among dental erosion and epidemiological aspects, such as individuals’ medical condition, dietary and lifestyle habits in a general dental practice. Materials and Methods. The sample consisted of 840 individuals, 396 males and 444 females aged 18 to 30 years. All participants were clinically examined and they answered questions regarding their medical condition, rate and frequency of drinks and food consumption, lifestyle habits, educational level, socio-economic and occupational status. Odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were used to assess the univariate relationships among the examined variables. Statistical analysis of the questionnaire items was performed using the multiple logistic regression analysis model. Results. Two hundred and forty individuals were diagnosed as having dental erosion. The prevalence rate was 28.6%. The prevalence rate for dental erosion in males (34.3%) was significantly higher than in females (23.4%) (P= 0.013). The performance of regression analysis indicated that the habit of holding drinks in mouth before swallowing [OR= 0.42, 95% CI= 0.13-0.44], vomiting [OR= 3.12, 95% CI=1.83-10.24] and consumption of fruit juices [OR= 2.65, 95% CI= 0.91-4.89] and carbonated drinks [OR=2.17, 95% CI= 1.33-5.62] were the most important sociated factors of dental erosion. Conclusion. The results of the study showed the correlation between dental erosion and some of the factors analyzed among the Greek adults while the prevalence of dental erosion was 28.6%.

Ključne riječi

Dental Erosion; Vomiting; Carbonated Beverages; Greece

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