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Paul P Linden-Retek

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 359 Kb

str. 175-226

preuzimanja: 775



Motivating this article is the continuing, yet difficult hope for a Europe of democratic cosmopolitanism, for a Europe in which cosmopolitics works to continually question the terms of lingering exclusion while preserving the ideals of self-legislation and democratic authorship. In what follows, I expand the familiar criticism of Europe’s democratic legitimacy gap, its democratic defi cit, as a lens through which to analyse the possibility of a supranational participatory identity within the European political space. First, I describe the contemporary
juridification of European politics, specifi cally concerning the formal legalism of the European Court of Justice, and the dangers such depoliticisation poses to the search for a cosmopolitan demos,
depriving it of its solidaristic base and affective core. Second, I offer
a critique of Jürgen Habermas’s ‘constitutional patriotism’ as a viable
frame in which Europeans might hope to dissolve the contradictions
of a nascent constitutional democracy at the supranational level.
Rather, following the work of Bonnie Honig, I develop a more primary
and original paradox confronting the European Union: the ‘paradox of
politics’, which posits the radical indeterminacy of the demos as the
starting place for the creation of any political identity. Third, drawing
on Ernesto Laclau’s conception of hegemony, I develop in greater
detail the processes of symbolic identity-formation involved in such
a creation, namely the interplay of inclusion/exclusion that characterises modern political attachment. What this analysis elucidates is that the problem of EU constitutionalisation and political integration is the problem of borders or of the closed polis, in general. The apposite symbolic frame of European political identity is therefore that of ‘the heterogeneous’, that which constructs yet destabilises our settled understanding of boundary and border and reveals them to be
contingent. In this vein, I argue that the operative European political
subjects are now in a certain sense the refugees, the sans-papiers,
and the third-country nationals, each of whom serves to remind EU
citizens of this foundational contingency of existing legal orders. Practically, I analyse European citizenship and immigration laws withintheir broader institutional and policy contexts: asylum and refugee policy, Frontex and the EU’s border security policy, and the promise and dangers of various models of disaggregated citizenship operating within the European legal space. I conclude with a preliminary discussion of the political task that we might appropriately call European cosmopolitics: the reinvention of emancipatory and utopian possibility into the future, beyond the nation-state to the droit de cité, the assertion of unconditional citizenship. Here, the European city - as a site in which the droit de cité can be anticipated and achieved - is where new supranational sovereignties might be born.

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