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The connection between the socio-economic status and the body mass index of retired women from Osijek-Baranja County

Danijela Periš ; Udruga Optimalnom težinom do zdravlja VAGA, Osijek
Maja Miškulin orcid id orcid.org/0000-0001-7330-3019 ; Zavod za javno zdravstvo Osječko-baranjske županije, Osijek
Daniela Šincek ; Filozofski fakultet Sveučilišta u Osijeku


Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 79 Kb

str. 103-109

preuzimanja: 853

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Sažetak

The aim of this study was to investigate dietary habits and to determine the body mass index (BMI) of retired women from Osijek-Baranja County and to reveal whether there is a connection between their socio-economic status (SES) and the observed variables. This cross-sectional study was carried out between September and December 2009 in Osijek-Baranja County. The study included measuring and weighing with the computer analyzer of body composition Tanita TBF 300 and the survey of dietary habits with the use of an anonymous questionnaire. The study included 88 retired women, mean age 66.8 ± 6.6 years (range 52-79 years). The BMI was determined for each study subject. The basic demographic
data such as age, place of residence, average monthly income of the subject household and data on dietary habits of each individual subject were collected by the use of an anonymous questionnaire. The criterion used to establish SES was the average monthly income of the subject household, and, based on this, all subjects were divided into two groups: the group of subjects with lower SES (lower SES group) and the group of subjects with higher SES (higher SES group). Dietary habits connected with the higher BMI
values within the study population were daily consumption of sweets, usage of animal fat during preparation of meals and significant bread consumption. In the lower SES group there were more overweight or obese subjects than in the higher SES group. In the lower SES group all the aboveThe aim of this study was to investigate dietary habits and to determine the body mass index (BMI) of
retired women from Osijek-Baranja County and to reveal whether there is a connection between their
socio-economic status (SES) and the observed variables. This cross-sectional study was carried out
between September and December 2009 in Osijek-Baranja County. The study included measuring and
weighing with the computer analyzer of body composition Tanita TBF 300 and the survey of dietary
habits with the use of an anonymous questionnaire. The study included 88 retired women, mean age 66.8
± 6.6 years (range 52-79 years). The BMI was determined for each study subject. The basic demographic
data such as age, place of residence, average monthly income of the subject household and data on dietary
habits of each individual subject were collected by the use of an anonymous questionnaire. The criterion
used to establish SES was the average monthly income of the subject household, and, based on this, all
subjects were divided into two groups: the group of subjects with lower SES (lower SES group) and the
group of subjects with higher SES (higher SES group). Dietary habits connected with the higher BMI
values within the study population were daily consumption of sweets, usage of animal fat during
preparation of meals and significant bread consumption. In the lower SES group there were more
overweight or obese subjects than in the higher SES group. In the lower SES group all the abovementioned dietary habits connected with the increased BMI were more frequently represented than in the
higher SES group.
Increased frequency of obesity among the population of lower SES confirms that in Croatia there is also a connection between poverty and the frequent onset of obesity that points to the need of directing
preventive actions for obesity prevention which is why preventative action to prevent obesity should definitely focus on the target, especially the vulnerable population subgroups such as among others elderly people and people with lower socioeconomic status.

Ključne riječi

body mass index (BMI); dietary habits; socio-economic status (SES); cardiovascular diseases; Croatia

Hrčak ID:

95451

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/95451

Datum izdavanja:

28.12.2012.

Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 1.863 *