Skoči na glavni sadržaj

Izvorni znanstveni članak

Antibiotic Prescription Rate for Upper Respiratory Tract Infections and Risks for Unnecessary Prescription in Croatia

Marija Vrca Botica ; University of Zagreb, School of Public Health »Andrija Štampar«, Department of Family Medicine, Zagreb, Croatia
Iva Botica ; University of Zagreb, University Hospital »Rebro«, Zagreb, Croa
Valerija Stamenić ; Ministry of Health and Social Welfare of the Republic of Croatia, Zagreb, Croatia
Arjana Tambić Andrašević ; University of Zagreb, University Hospital »Fran Mihaljević«, Department of Infectology, Zagreb, Croatia
Josipa Kern ; University of Zagreb, School of Public Health »Andrija Štampar«, Department of Family Medicine, Zagreb, Croatia
Stanislava Stojanović Špehar ; University of Zagreb, School of Public Health »Andrija Štampar«, Department of Family Medicine, Zagreb, Croatia


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 113 Kb

str. 449-454

preuzimanja: 543

citiraj


Sažetak

Overprescribing of antibiotics in primary care has been recognized as public health problem. We investigated visits prescription rate of antibiotics to patients with upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) and unnecessary prescribtion for tonsillopharyngitis, in Croatia. In prospective observational study in November 2007. 25 GPs in Croatia recorded all patients’ visits with URTI episode according ICPC-2. Clinical status of patients with tonsillopharyngitis were categorized
according to Centor Criteria. 689 visits were analysed, 82% of visits were initial. Antibiotics were prescribed in 44.7% visits with URTI. There were no significant differences in antibiotic prescription rates regarding non–clinical factors. Antibiotics were prescribed to patients with tonsillopharyngitis in 62.2% visits. Unnecessary antibiotics were prescribed (Centor 1,2) in 49.6% visits with tonsillopharyngitis. Logistic regression analysis showed significant differences in unnecessary antibiotic prescription rates only with respect to the workday – Wednesday, CI (1.117–2.671), p=0.0139. Leading antibiotic was amoxicillin + clavulonic acid, second was amoxicillin, the third were macrolides, the fourth was narrow spectrum penicillin and fifth were cephalosporins. This study shows over prescription for URTI. Unnecessary prescription for tonsillopharyngitis depend on non clinical factor – day of the week. This should be futher explored and
help to improved prescribe antibiotics.

Ključne riječi

antibiotics prescribing rate, unnecessary prescription, upper respiratory tract infections, general practitioners, Croatia

Hrčak ID:

104481

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/104481

Posjeta: 1.042 *