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De origine et incremento urbis Rhacusanae by Ludovik Crijević Tuberon (Critical Edition, Translation and Commentary)

Vladimir Rezar orcid id

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 780 Kb

str. 75-153

preuzimanja: 1.212



The history of Dubrovnik composed by the Ragusan Benedictine and Humanist Ludovik Crijević Tuberon (1458-1527) saw its first printing in Dubrovnik in 1790, under the title De origine et incremento urbis Rhacusanae. The latter is actually an expanded section from Book V of his Commentarii de temporibus suis, which Tuberon wrote upon the request and prompting of his hosts during his stay in the Hungarian Bacs in 1509. The existence of several different manuscript and printed versions of the mentioned text and, at the same time, absence of an autographed manuscript copy spoke in favour of preparing a critical edition of this work. In doing so, though somewhat uncommon from the philological perspective, as a key for selecting certain lections, a virtually neglected and to date modestly studied manuscript of an Italian translation of Tuberon’s Ragusan history from 1577 was used. This reading proved to be most complete and most faithful to the Latin original, and the critical edition may be described as a specific cento, made up of the Italian translation-based lections from the preserved Latin versions. Thus prepared, the text finally becomes a solid ground for an in-depth philological and literary-historical analysis of the work. A comparison of Tuberon’s text with that of his possible sources reveals, among other things, that it is this very work that introduced into the Ragusan historiographic tradition an extremely important written testimony of the oldest history of the city, the work De administrando imperio of Constantine Porphyrogenitus, explicitly mentioned in the Ragusan sources not earlier than the second half of the sixteenth century. Also, with an adequate philological treatment De origine et incremento becomes a useful key for the explanation of the relations within the Ragusan annalistic tradition marked by a gap in content between the offspring traditionally ascribed to an unknown author from the latter half of the fifteenth century, the so-called Anonymous, and the annals composed by Nikola Ranjina in the mid-sixteenth century. Lastly, detailed philological comparsion has not confirmed that some of Tuberon’s statements related to the earliest period of the city’s founding and expansion originate from any historical source currently known, which might have been available to the Ragusan Benedictine at the time. Unless we are dealing with the author’s free interpretations, the text of his history may rightly conceal the traces of today unknown written ancient legend of the city’s founding, still partly in existence in Dubrovnik in the early sixteenth century.

Ključne riječi

Ludovik Crijević Tuberon, 16th century, De origine et incremento urbis Rhacusanae, critical edition, translation, commentary

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