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The Kolende of Mato Zamagna

Jelena Obradović-Mojaš orcid id

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 531 Kb

str. 389-460

preuzimanja: 1.129



Mato Zamagna (1800-1870), nobleman of Ragusa, wrote his first kolende at the age of seventeen. These traditional carols he sang accompanied by other singers to mark the eve of various feasts, such as Michaelmas, St. Martin's Day, but also of St. Andrew, St. Thomas, St. Simon and Judas, St. Francis, St. Nicholas, Mother's and Father's Days in Advent, Christmas Eve and New Year's Eve, dedicated to the next of kin, friends and inhabitants of Rijeka dubrovačka, and compiled in the collection Kolende od godisctaa 1817., 1818., 1819. u Riezi. Zamagna's kolende were written after the fall of the Dubrovnik Republic, when jocular verse was primarily an expression of idleness, and as such are far from the poetic and metric achievements of the 'poetry of the ancestors'. Yet in the wealth of nineteenth-century occasional verse, Zamagna's poetry is valuable for its ethnographic descriptions which, from the ethnological, folklore and anthropological aspect, provide an insight into the broader kolende tradition, culture and popular customs upheld by both nobles and non-nobles, some of which, especially the tradition of singing kolende on Christmas Eve and New Year's Eve, have survived to the present day. The verses of kolende have confirmed the continuous process of the interplay between 'high and low' culture—that is, between the customs of the urban and rural, noble and popular traditional heritage. It is noteworthy that the found collection compiles and saves from oblivion the repertoires of kolende that were composed to serve a single occasion and were rarely preserved by the authors. The manuscript collection Kolende od godisctaa 1817., 1818., 1819. u Riezi contains 25 kolende and a prose piece entitled Testamenat jednogha Subatza, donesen i prolegan na tarpesi u G. Marre Givove na Svetogha Nikollu, kept at the Scientific Library in Dubrovnik.

Ključne riječi

Dubrovnik, 19th century, kolende, merry carols, popular culture, folklore, literature

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Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

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