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Comparison of the effects of xylocain and cystocain in dentistry

Vladimir Amšel ; Zavod za oralnu kirurgiju Stomatološkog fakulteta Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, Zagreb, Hrvatska
Davor Katanec ; Zavod za oralnu kirurgiju Stomatološkog fakulteta Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, Zagreb, Hrvatska

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 7.260 Kb

str. 199-206

preuzimanja: 1.534



This study was an attempt to compare the adventageous and disadvantageous characteristics of Xylocain and Cystocain, by the application of these two anesthetics into particular region of oral cavity. The results thus obtained would then serve as a basis for recommending the practicing stomatologists to use the anesthetic which has proven to be more suitable in dentistry. The study was carried out in 72 volunteers of both sexes, aged 22— 31 years. The lowest value of the tooth vitality irritability was established in each examinee by means of an electric pulp stimulator, which was followed
by the blood pressure and pulse determinations. Then the anesthetic was applied in the upper small incisor region. A minute after the application, each tooth was irritated by electric current of the lowest previously determined (intensity. The tooth vitality testing was repeated at 3, 6, 10, 15 and 30 minutes after the application of anesthetics, whereas blood pressure and pulse rate recordings were taken at 5,10 and 15 minutes after the application of these agents. The results thus obtained were recorded in the special file cards designed for this purpose. On the completion of the study procedures, the file card data were processed. The results obtained by the file card data processing have led too conclusion that between the two local anesthetics studied (Xylocain and Cystocain), priority should be given to Cystocain ds. Owing to its capacity of penetration into the bone and despite a multiply low content of catecholamines, higher intensity and longer duration of anesthesia in a target region can be achieved by Cystocain ds compared to Xylocain. Only its initial action is quite slow, but this can be neglected when used in dentistry.

Ključne riječi

local anesthesia, anesthetics

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Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

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