Skoči na glavni sadržaj

Stručni rad

The Relation Between Cancer of Respiratory Organs and Environment and Lifestyle in Split and Solin-Kaštela Area

Katja Ćurin
Marko Šarić

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 333 Kb

str. 27-34

preuzimanja: 684



This investigation focused on Split and the industrial area of the Solin-Ka{tela bay, as it has been known for cement production for over 130 years, and for asbestos cement production for some 80 years. Environmental factors (air pollution) and lifestyle (cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption) were investigated in persons who died of cancer of respiratory organs. The aim was to see what is the combined effect of several noxious factors and how it may increase the risk of cancer of the respiratory organs. The sample of 473 subjects was randomly selected from 1490 persons who died of cancer of respiratory organs in the studied area between 1970 and 1990. The data on the subjects’ lifespan, smoking habit, and alcohol consumption were obtained by interviewing their families. Environmental data showed that 5% had lived in an area with industrial air pollution (cement, asbestos-cement) for up to 15 years, 19% from 16 to 29 years, 33% from 30 to 49 years, and 44% for 50 years and over. The number of those exposed to air pollution for 50 years and over ranged from 36% to 68% in different districts. Of 473 subjects 85% had been cigarette smokers; 42% had smoked over 40 cigarettes a day, 83% had smoked for over 30 years, and 74% of subjects had consumed alcohol. The largest number of persons in the studied group were in the category with the longest exposure to air pollution and the longest and most intensive smoking experience. This indicates the possibility that simultaneous action of environmental factors and lifestyle may increase the risk for the development of cancer of respiratory organs. Smokers showed a significant shift (in percentage) towards shorter length of living in the studied area. That suggests that the risk of cancer of respiratory organs was greater in cigarette smokers than nonsmokers, regardless of the fact that both were exposed to comparable air pollution.

Ključne riječi

air pollution, alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking, environmental factors

Hrčak ID:



Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 1.628 *