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https://doi.org/10.2478/acph-2014-0002

Investigation of in situ gelling alginate formulations as a sustained release vehicle for co-precipitates of dextromethrophan and Eudragit S 100

GAMAL MOHAMED EL MAGHRABY ; Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, P.O. Box: 2457, Saudi Arabia; Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, College of Pharmacy, University of Tanta, Tanta, Egypt
EHAB MOSTAFA ELZAYAT ; Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, P.O. Box: 2457, Saudi Arabia
FARS KAED ALANAZI ; Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, P.O. Box: 2457, Saudi Arabia; Alkayyali Research Chair for Pharmaceutical Industries, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 260 Kb

str. 29-44

preuzimanja: 874

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Sažetak

Alginate vehicles are capable of forming gel matrix in situ, when comes into contact with gastric medium in the presence of calcium ions. However, the gel structure is pH dependent and can break after gastric emptying, leading to dose dumping. The aim of this work was to develop modified in situ gelling alginate formulations capable of sustaining dextromethrophan release throughout the gastrointestinal tract. Alginate solution (2 %, m/m) was used as a vehicle for the tested formulations. Solid matrix of the drug and Eudragit S 100 was prepared by dissolving the drug and polymer in acetone. The organic solvent was then evaporated and the deposited solid matrix was micronized, sieved and dispersed in alginate solution to obtain candidate formulations. The release behavior of dextromethorphan was monitored and evaluated in a medium simulating the gastric and intestinal pH. Drug-polymer compatibility and possible solid-state interactions suggested physical interaction through hydrogen bonding between the drug and the polymer. A significant decrease in the rate and extent of dextromethorphan release was observed with increasing Eudragit S 100 concentration in the prepared particles. Most formulations showed sustained release profiles similar to that of a sustained release commercial liquid which is based on ion exchange resin. The release pattern indicated strict control of drug release both in the gastric and intestinal conditions, suggesting the potential advantage of using solid dispersion of drug-Eudragit S 100 to overcome the problem of dose dumping after the rupture of the pH dependant alginate gels.

Ključne riječi

dextromethorphan, solid dispersion, in situ gelling, alginate gels

Hrčak ID:

113580

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/113580

Posjeta: 1.423 *