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Attitudes towards and Knowledge about Homosexuality among Medical Students in Zagreb

Gordana Komlenović ; University of Zagreb, School of Medicine, Zagreb, Croatia
Marija Abramović ; University of Zagreb, School of Medicine, Zagreb, Croatia
Igor Grabovac ; University of Zagreb, School of Medicine, Zagreb, Croatia
Jadranka Mustajbegović ; University of Zagreb, School of Medicine, »Andrija Štampar« School of Public Health, Department of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, Zagreb, Croatia
Milan Milošević ; University of Zagreb, School of Medicine, »Andrija Štampar« School of Public Health, Department of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, Zagreb, Croatia


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 116 Kb

str. 39-45

preuzimanja: 2.336

citiraj


Sažetak

The aim of the study was to investigate whether students in their fifth and sixth years of medical school in Zagreb have homophobic attitudes and assess their knowledge about homosexuality. A survey was conducted among fifth and sixth year medical students during the 2009/2010 academic year. The survey consisted of: general demographic data, two validated questionnaires—»Knowledge about Homosexuality Questionnaire« and »Heterosexual Attitudes towards Homosexuality Scale«—and questions about personal experiences created for this study. The mean knowledge scores were M=14.8 out of 20. Furthermore, gender differences in attitudes were observed, indicating less negative attitudes among the female participants. The regression model was significant (ANOVA: Sum of Squares=38.065; df=17, Mean Square=2239, F=10.6; p<0.001) with 38% of explained variance. The significant predictor variables that indicate lower attitudes about homosexuality score were female gender (beta=–0.14, p=0.015), sixth year of study (beta=–0.16, p=0.009) and more knowledge about homosexuality (beta=–0.48, p<0.001). Negative attitudes are present among the students; therefore, educational efforts should be included in the curricula of medical schools to diminish the negative perceptions of the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender community.

Ključne riječi

homosexuality, attitudes, knowledge, medical students

Hrčak ID:

120780

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/120780

Posjeta: 3.297 *