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INFECTIONS DURING THE FIRST POSTTRANSPLANT YEAR – EXPERIENCE AT ŠIBENIK GENERAL HOSPITAL

MARIJANA GULIN ; Opća bolnica Šibenik, Šibenik, Hrvatska
ROK ČIVLJAK ; Klinika za infektivne bolesti "Dr. Fran Mihaljević”, Zagreb, Hrvatska
BLANŠA BILIĆ ; Opća bolnica Šibenik, Šibenik, Hrvatska
EDITA SUŠIĆ ; Opća bolnica Šibenik, Šibenik, Hrvatska
MARKO GULIN ; Sveučilište u Splitu, Medicinski fakultet, Split, Hrvatska


Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 141 Kb

str. 121-127

preuzimanja: 1.893

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Sažetak

Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the frequency and type of infective complications in kidney recipients during the first year after transplantation. Patients and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed data on the diagnosis and treatment of infective complications in 36 patients transplanted from 2004 until September 2012 (22 men and 14 women), age at the time of transplantation 19-73 years. We recorded the incidence of urinary tract infections, clinical variants (asymptomatic bacteriuria, acute pyelonephritis, sepsis) and etiology, i.e. causes, pneumonia, viral infections and cytomegalovirus infections (CMV) (with special reference to the use or no use of prophylactic valganciclovir), polyoma virus infection, BKV, JC, Epstein-Barr virus, and herpes zoster virus. Results: The most common infective complication, uroinfection, was recorded in 69% of patients, of which 68% had one or more relapses. The most common clinical form of the infection was acute tubulointerstitial nephritis, caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae (of which 4 cases of ESBL Klebsiella pneumoniae). Pneumonia occurred in 4 transplant patients, one CMV pneumonia, other of bacterial origin. CMV infection and BKV occurred in 17% and herpes zoster infection in 11% of patients. One patient was diagnosed with EBV meningoencephalitis. One-year graft survival was 100% in patients without urinary tract infections in the first year after transplantation (31% of all patients) and 96% in patients with infections (69% of all patients).Three-year graft survival rate was 100% in patients without infection and 96% in patients with infections in the first year after transplantation. One- and three-year graft survival in patients with chronic hepatitis C was 100%. It was a small group of patients (5/36, 14%); the incidence of urinary tract infections amounted to 60%, and of CMV and BK virus to 20%.

Ključne riječi

renal transplantation, uroinfection, CMV, BKV

Hrčak ID:

126803

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/126803

Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 2.654 *