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Josip Pandžić ; Katedra za socijalnu politiku pri Pravnom fakultetu u Zagrebu

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 576 Kb

str. 89-104

preuzimanja: 1.298



The general distinction and the practical compromise between the realistic and the liberal tradition within the theory of international relations represents the starting point of the holistic analysis of conflicts and cooperation in the world. The liberal political doctrine is the normative foundation of liberal democracies, that is, of political regimes of the highest degree of government efficiency based on individual liberties and social justice. The work of liberal classics make evident a compatibility of national and international imperatives of the doctrine and it is witnessed by the project of establishment of a liberal international order, whose structure was defined in every historical shape by the efforts of a certain hegemonic force – Great Britain in the 19th, and USA in the 20th century. The crisis of efficiency of the “liberal Leviathan” guided by the USA, which first appeared in the first half of the 1970s, was radicalized at the beginning of the 21st century through the workings of various “anti-liberal” factors. During the past the answer to the crisis was almost always marked by a hegemonic war for succession, however, the realist “warrior politics” and the “adoption of the pagan ethos of statecraft” have taken its place as the newest answers to the challenges and, as a result, they implicate an imperial metamorphosis of the liberal hegemon (USA) in a time of unipolarity. The permanent hegemonic war is a vision of future of international political order with the absence of a competitor great power and a mean of maintaining the hegemony of the USA.

Ključne riječi

liberalism; realism; international relations; liberal Leviathan; hegemony; warrior politics; permanent hegemonic war

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