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The Periodic System of Metal Clusters - a Tool for Deriving Various Forms of »Cluster-Matter«

Hans Müller ; Institut für Physikalische Chemie der Friedrich-Schiller-Universitàt Jena, Am Steiger 3, Haus 3, D-07743 Jena
Christian Opitz ; Institut für Physikalische Chemie der Friedrich-Schiller-Universitàt Jena, Am Steiger 3, Haus 3, D-07743 Jena


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 47.819 Kb

str. 721-743

preuzimanja: 166

citiraj


Sažetak

A simple modified jellium model permits calculation of all the magic numbers of large metal clusters MN up to N = 1432 in excellent agreement with experimental data. This success justifies further conclusions to be drawn from this model; (1) the calculated aufbau principle enables construction of a Periodic System of (alkali metal) Clusters (PSC); (II) this PSC, strictly speaking a Periodic System of »giant atoms«, is a powerful tool for predicting the reactivity of free electron-like metal clusters; (III) the formation of cluster dimers is discussed exemplarily in detail in excellent agreement with experimental and theoretical experience; (IV) various forms of cluster-matter are outlined in relation to new materials;
(V) a great deal of work has to be done to confirm a number of unconventional predictions: new experiments and new calculations are highly desirable.

Ključne riječi

Hrčak ID:

136690

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/136690

Posjeta: 340 *