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Proto-Slavic *j, Van Wijk’s Law, and ē-Stems

Frederik Kortlandt ; Department of comparative linguistics, Leiden University


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 507 Kb

str. 65-76

preuzimanja: 568

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Sažetak

The loss and restoration of the phoneme /j/ plays a major role in the development of Proto-Slavic. After vowel contraction in posttonic syllables, Dybo’s law, and the rise of new /j/ in east, South, and West Slavic, contracted and uncontracted forms may have coexisted during a considerable period of time. After Dybo’s law we have *voļȃ < *vòlja ‘will’ but *rolьjà < *orlь̀ja ‘plowland’, after contraction *roļá in Slovincian rolåu, Old Polish rolå. The loss of distinctive tone yielded merger of the two paradigms, as a result of which most nouns of the former type adopted the accentuation of the latter. Slavic deverbal ja-stems are original proterodynamic ī/jē-stems. The proterodynamic nouns *dūšà (c) ‘soul’ and *zorjà (c) ‘dawn’ have probably preserved the original accentuation. The other proterodynamic -stems evidently adopted the accent pattern of the deverbal ā-stems.

Ključne riječi

Proto-Slavic, Van Wijk’s law, Dybo’s law, <i>ē</i>–stems

Hrčak ID:

141870

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/141870

Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

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