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The effect of beverage type on fatal accidents rate in Russia

Yury E. Razvodovsky ; Medicinski fakultet Grodno, Grodno, Bjelorusija

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 419 Kb

str. 31-40

preuzimanja: 421



There is a common belief that high level of alcohol consumption, in conjunction with binge drinking pattern, is a major determinant of accident mortality crisis in Russia. The aim of this study was to examine
the relation between the consumption of different beverage types and fatal accident rate in Russia. Agestandardized male and female accident mortality data for the period 1970-2010 and data on beverage-specific
alcohol sales were obtained from Russian State Statistical Committee. Time-series analytical modeling techniques (ARIMA) were used to examine the relation between the sales of different alcoholic beverages
(vodka, wine, beer) and accident mortality rate. The analysis also suggests that of the three beverages vodka alone was associated with accident mortality in Russia. The estimated effects of vodka sales on the accident mortality rate are clearly statistically significant for both sexes: a 1 liter increase in vodka sale would result in a 9.8% increase in the male accident mortality rate and in 7.5% increase in female mortality rate. The findings from this study suggest that public health efforts should focus on both reducing the overall consumption and
changing the beverage preference away from distilled spirits in order to reduce fatal accidents rate in Russia.

Ključne riječi

accidents, mortality, beverage-specific alcohol sales, ARIMA time series analysis, Russia, 1970-2010

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