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https://doi.org/10.18054/pb.2016.118.1.2828

Biochemical, histological and histochemical changes in Aristichthys nobilis Rich. liver exposed to thiamethoxam

S. Stoyanova ; Department of Ecology and Environmental Conservation, Faculty of Biology, Plovdiv University, Plovdiv, 4000, Bulgaria
V. Yancheva orcid id orcid.org/0000-0001-8316-1990 ; Department of Ecology and Environmental Conservation, Faculty of Biology, Plovdiv University, Plovdiv, 4000, Bulgaria
I. Iliev ; Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Faculty of Biology, Plovdiv University, Plovdiv, 4000, Bulgaria
T. Vasileva ; Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Faculty of Biology, Plovdiv University, Plovdiv, 4000, Bulgaria
V. Bivolarski ; Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Faculty of Biology, Plovdiv University, Plovdiv, 4000, Bulgaria
I. Velcheva ; Department of Ecology and Environmental Conservation, Faculty of Biology, Plovdiv University, Plovdiv, 4000, Bulgaria
E. Georgieva ; Department of Developmental Biology, Faculty of Biology, Plovdiv University, Plovdiv, 4000, Bulgaria


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 2.194 Kb

str. 29-36

preuzimanja: 1.496

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Sažetak

Background and purpose: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of the insecticide thiamethoxam on some biochemical, histological and histochemical parameters of bighead carp liver (Aristichthys nobilis), which is an economically important fish species for aquaculture.
Materials and methods: Different increasing concentrations of 6.6 mg l-1, 10 mg l-1 and 20 mg l-1 of the test chemical under laboratory conditions were tested for their toxicity on fish for 96. The hepatic activity of the enzymes lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), aspartate aminotransferase (ASAT) and alanine aminotransferase (ALAT) were measured. In addition, the hepatic histological structure was observed for alterations, as well as the lipid content was observed by histochemical staining.
Results: It was determined that the enzymatic activity of the exposed fish was increased compared to the control group (p<0.05). Furthermore, the enzymatic activity was increased proportionally to the increasing thiamethoxam concentrations. The histological lesions, which were observed in the liver parenchyma, were degenerative and necrotic. The degenerative alterations were as follows: granular, balloon and fatty degeneration. The necrotic alterations in the fish liver were associated with presence of karyopyknosis, karyorrehsis and karyolysis, respectively. The histological alterations in the liver blood vessels were hyperemia and lymphocyte proliferation. Along with the established histological changes in the liver parenchyma, we found presence of fatty degeneration in the hepatocytes using Sudan III staining on cryostat sections.
Conclusions: Our study shows that there is a relation between the concentration of the insecticide and biochemical changes, as well the severity of expression of the histological and histochemical alterations in the bighead carp liver. Overall, such experiments could be successfully applied in research and monitoring programs to study the effects of pesticides on fish.

Ključne riječi

Insecticide, Thiamethoxam, Fish Liver, Enzymatic activity, Histological alterations

Hrčak ID:

156802

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/156802

Posjeta: 2.003 *