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Morphological characteristics of four olive phenotypes (Olea europaea L., cv. ‘Oblica’) found in the olive grove near Kaštel Stari in Dalmatia

Đani Benčić ; Agronomski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, Zavod za voćartsvo
Ivan Perasović ; Agronomski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, Zavod za voćartsvo
Zoran Šindrak ; Agronomski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, Zavod za voćartsvo

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 586 Kb

str. 18-24

preuzimanja: 561


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 586 Kb

str. 24-24

preuzimanja: 130



‘Oblica’ is rightly regarded as the leading native olive variety, as is represented in almost all olive growing areas of Republic of Croatia. According to previous experiences and research, ‘Oblica’ is very valuable domestic variety as in the production of extra virgin oil as for fruit preserving. There is a great variability between phenotypes within its population, and it is of special interest to detect phenotypes characterized by larger fruits, regular fruit bearing and earlier or later fruit maturation in relation to a standard 'Oblica’. Together with standard ‘Oblica’ phenotype, three, until now undescribed, ‘Oblica’ phenotypes were isolated in the same olive grove on the Kaštel Stari location which differ by morphological properties and a fruit maturation on the basis of visual assessment. The aim of this study was to determine the morphological differences between these three separate phenotypes, as well as their differences in relation to the standard ‘Oblica’ phenotype. One-year research results of morphological properties of fruits, seeds and leaves confirmed the existence of statistically significant differences between the three investigated phenotypes and the standard ‘Oblica’ phenotype. All three studied ‘Oblica’ phenotypes have larger fruits than the standard ‘Oblica’ phenotype. Also, a phenotype with the largest fruit and a phenotype with the narrowest leaf were identified.

Ključne riječi

Olive; variety; ‘Oblica’; phenotype; morphological properties; fruit; leave; stone; Dalmatia

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