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Stručni rad

https://doi.org/10.24141/1/2/1/7

Incidence of HPV infection in Koprivnica-Križevci county and the role of National program of early detection of cervical cancer

Marina Matota ; Dom zdravlja Koprivničko-križevačke županije
Zrinka Puharić ; Visoka tehnička škola Bjelovar, stručni studij sestrinstva
Tamara Salaj ; Visoka tehnička škola Bjelovar, stručni studij sestrinstva
Mirna Žulec ; Visoka tehnička škola Bjelovar, stručni studij sestrinstva


Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 1.095 Kb

str. 55-60

preuzimanja: 455

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Sažetak

HPV infections are infections caused by the human papilloma virus and they are most often transmitted by sexual contact. In most cases it is a latent infection, while in a minority of the infected certain symptoms appear. Up to now, more than 100 types of HPV have been discovered, but only high-risk types (mostly type 16 and 18) lead to the development of cervical cancer. Vaccines are used in primary prevention and in secondary prevention women participate in the programs of screening and education about responsible sexual behavior. The prevalence of HPV infection in the world is from 9 to 13%. The largest number of women with HPV infection are between the ages of 18 and 30 years. The most important factors in the transmission of HPV are the early initiation of sexual activity, a high number of sexual partners and high-risk sexual partners. Pap test indicates the possibility of HPV infection, which is further confirmed with HPV DNA testing. Since November 2012, Croatia has been carrying out the National program of early detection of cervical cancer aimed at preventing changes associated with HPV and cervical cancer. The program is intended for women aged 25 to 64 years who three years prior to entering the program did not have a gynecological exam which includes a Pap test, and thus get tested for changes associated with HPV. The implementation of the program has increased the number of gynecological exams, but the response is still much smaller than expected and planned in Koprivnica-Križevci county.

Ključne riječi

HPV infection, incidence, National program of early detection of cervical cancer

Hrčak ID:

164837

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/164837

Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 968 *