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https://doi.org/10.15567/mljekarstvo.2016.0409

Estimation of nonadditive genetic influences on standard lactation production (305 days) in upgrading of Serbian-Fleckvieh to Holstein-Friesian cattle breed

Zolt Nemes ; PIK “Bečej”, Novosadska 2, 21220 Bečej, Serbia
Dragomir Lukač ; University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Agriculture, Trg Dositeja Obradovića 8, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
M. Milan Petrović ; Institute for Animal Husbandry, Autoput 16, 11080 Belgrade -Zemun, Serbia
István Komlósi ; University of Debrecen, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management, Böszörményi 138, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
András Gáspárdy ; Szent István University, Faculty of Veterinary Science, István 2, 1078 Budapest, Hungary


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 153 Kb

str. 330-336

preuzimanja: 656

citiraj


Sažetak

The purpose of this paper is to estimate the effects of systematic factors, primarily the degree of crossing, on the standard lactation lengths of 305 days in 6 different genotypes of cows (F1, R1, R2, R3, R4, R5) obtained by the upgrading of the Serbian Fleckvieh (SF) to the Holstein-Friesian (HF) breed of cattle. The systematic effects included in the general linear model (GLM) exerted a significant (P<0.05) influence on the milk yield, as well as the fat yield and content. During the upgrading process, statistically significant (P<0.05) differences were recorded between the traits of the genotypes examined. With an increase in the share of HF genes, the milk yield increased from 5020 kg (F1) to 5801 kg (R5) and the fat yield from 176.2 kg to 201.6 kg, whereas the fat content simultaneously decreased from 3.55 % (F1) to 3.49 % (R5). The F1 cows had the highest heterosis realized (hR) regarding the milk yield (185.8 kg), while the R1 and R2 cows displayed negative heterosis effects (-21.0 and -205.7 kg) and negative recombination effects (rI). The highest value of hR (regarding the milk fat yield) was recorded in the F1 cows (6.07 kg) in comparison with the R2 cows, which had the negative hR (-3.79 kg), whereas the negative rI was recorded in the R1 and R2 genotypes. The positive rI (regarding the milk fat content) was recorded in the R1, R2 and R3 genotypes accompanied by the positive hR.

Ključne riječi

upgrading; crossbreeding; recombination; heterosis; standard lactation length

Hrčak ID:

168556

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/168556

Datum izdavanja:

14.11.2016.

Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 1.580 *