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ANESTHESIA AND PAIN MANAGEMENT IN TRADITIONAL IRANIAN MEDICINE

Alireza Salehi ; Research centre for traditional medicine and history of medicine, Shiraz University of medical sciences Shiraz, Iran
Faranak Alembizar ; Research centre for traditional medicine and history of medicine, Shiraz University of medical sciences Shiraz, Iran
Ayda Hosseinkhani ; Research centre for traditional medicine and history of medicine, Shiraz University of medical sciences Shiraz, Iran


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 172 Kb

str. 317-326

preuzimanja: 561

citiraj


Sažetak

Studying the history of science could help develop an understanding of the contributions made by ancient nations towards scientific advances. Although Iranians had an important impact on the improvement of science, the history of Iranian medicine seems not to have been given enough attention by historians. The present study focused on the history of anesthesia and pain management in Iranian medical history. In this regard, related books such as Avesta and Shahnameh were studied in order to obtain the history of anesthesiology in Iranian pre Islamic era. This subject was also studied in the famous books of Rhazes, Haly Abbas, Avicenna, Jorjani, MomenTunekaboni and Aghili from different times of the Islamic era. Scientific data bases such as PubMed, Scopus and Google Scholar were searched using key words “Iranian”, “Persian”, “pain management” and “anesthesia”. It was discovered that pain management and anesthesiology were well known to the Iranians. Rhazes and Avicenna had innovations in this regard. Fourteen Mokhader (anesthetic) herbs, which were included in the collection of the previous knowledge of the 18th century entitled Makhzan al-Advieyh and used as the Persian Materia Medica, were identified and listed. This study introduces the history of anesthesiology and pain management at different periods in the history of Iran.

Ključne riječi

Anesthesiology, pain management, traditional Iranian medicine

Hrčak ID:

171415

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/171415

Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 877 *