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CLINICAL ENTITIES AND CHARACTERISTICS OF PAIN IN PATIENTS WITH RHEUMATIC DISEASES

Višnja Prus
Željka Kardum


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Sažetak

Musculoskeletal pain is the most common symptom present in almost all rheumatic diseases. Rheumatic
diseases include more than 150 clinical entities. Th ere is no uniform classifi cation of rheumatic diseases. In general, we
distinguish infl ammatory rheumatic diseases, non-infl ammatory degenerative articular diseases, systemic connective tissue
diseases, metabolic disorders with articular manifestations, and regional and extended pain syndromes. According to
the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP), pain is defi ned as an unpleasant sensation associated with tissue
damage or reported simultaneously with such damage. Pain has a physical, mental, and social component. In rheumatic
diseases the pain is mostly chronic and may severely impair the patient’s general condition. Th e defi ning criteria involve a
period of more than 3 or 6 months, and according to some defi nitions more than 6 weeks. In most cases the pain is nociceptive
rather than neuropathic. Musculoskeletal pain, especially chronic pain, is a global public health problem because of its
prevalence, as well as the frequently associated muslculoskeletal function impairment and development of chronic pain
syndrome, which can be considered as a separate clinical entity and requires a biopsychosocial treatment approach.

Ključne riječi

Rheumatic diseases – complications, diagnosis, physiopathology, Musculosceletal pain – etiology, physiopathology, Osteoarthritis – complications, diagnosis, physiopathology, Arthritis, rheumatoid – complications, diagnosis, Spondylarthritis – complications, diagnosis, Lupus erythematosus, systemic – complications, diagnosis

Hrčak ID:

182833

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/182833

Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 964 *