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https://doi.org/10.18054/pb.v119i2.4781

Effects of host defense peptides B2RP, Brevinin-2GU, D-Lys-Temporin, Lys-XT-7 and D-Lys-Ascaphin-8 on peripheral blood mononuclear cells: Preliminary study

Suzana Popovic ; Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Kragujevac
Predrag Djurdjevic ; Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Kragujevac
Milan Zaric ; Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Kragujevac
Zeljko Mijailovic ; Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Kragujevac
Dusko Avramovic ; Clinical Center „Dr Dragisa Misovic“, Beograd
Dejan Baskic ; Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Kragujevac


Puni tekst: engleski PDF 2.878 Kb

str. 113-118

preuzimanja: 504

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Sažetak

Background and purpose: Host defense peptides have considerable therapeutic potential. One of the limitations for their therapeutic use is insufficient selectivity of some peptides, i.e. toxicity for eukaryotic cells. In this study, we have investigated effect of two naturally occurring and three analogs of frog skin-derived peptides on viability/proliferation of resting peripheral blood mononuclear cells and activated lymphocytes.

Materials and Methods: Effect of tested peptides was assessed using MTT colorimetric assay. Concanavalin A was used as lymphocyte mitogen.

Results: Brevinin-2GU induced cell death only in the highest tested concentration, whereas other peptides were not cytotoxic to resting peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Moreover, high concentrations of B2RP, D-Lys-Ascaphin-8  and Lys-XT-7 induced cell proliferation and this effect was more prominent in lymphocytes (p<0,05). Tested peptides had opposite effect on activated lymphocytes inhibiting proliferative response to Concanavalin A (Brevinin-2GU, B2RP and D-Lys-Temporin p<0,05).

Conclusions: Tested peptides (with exception of Brevinin-2GU) didn’t show cytotoxicity toward peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Moreover, they have potential to modulate immune response by inducing proliferation of resting peripheral blood mononuclear cells and limiting proliferative response to the activation stimulus. Regarding their potent antimicrobial and low hemolytic activity this makes them good candidates for therapeutic use.

Key words: host defence peptides; cytotoxicity; immunomodulation 

Ključne riječi

host defence peptides, cytotoxicity, immunomodulation

Hrčak ID:

185861

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/185861

Posjeta: 789 *