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https://doi.org/10.22586/csp.v49i3.36

The Activities of the City Council and City Government of Karlovac during World War I

Sanda Kočevar orcid id orcid.org/0000-0001-9315-3345 ; Gradski muzej Karlovac, Karlovac, Hrvatska


Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 173 Kb

str. 395-417

preuzimanja: 591

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Sažetak

This paper analyses the procedures and activities of the City Council and the City Government of Karlovac during World War I. It is based on the minutes of the City Council assemblies and the contemporaneous press – the Starčevićian Sloga (Concord), and the Karlovac and Narodni glas (People’s Voice), organs of the Croat-Serb Coalition, which ceased to be published in August and September 1914, respectively.

The City Council consisted of 30 representatives, most of whom were members of the Croat-Serb Coalition. The greatest number of them were landowners and merchants. After the elections in 1916, however, members of the intelligentsia began to be represented in greater numbers. A representative’s mandate lasted six years, but half of the representatives were excluded by lot after half of their mandate passed, so that new ones could be elected. The last elections before World War I were held in 1913. The communal improvements experienced by the city (introduction of public electric lighting in 1908, waterworks in 1913) were halted due to the lack of manpower and materials, higher prices, and the collapse of the Karlovac Savings Bank, in which the City had invested a large part of its funds, in 1914. The activities of the City Council and City Government were made more difficult due to the general mobilisation, representatives moving to other towns and cities, and deaths among the representatives, so there was no quorum for holding assemblies and adopting effective decisions. The situation improved after the elections in May 1916, when 19 new representatives were elected.

The activities of the City Council and City Government during World War I are examined through their relationship towards the war immediately after its declaration, and after news about the first battles, soldiers on the front, wounded soldiers, and slain soldiers and their families arrived. Their relationship with associations such as the Red Cross and the Croatian Sokol is also analysed in such a manner. The provisioning of citizens with food and firewood (aprovizacija) was organised but, due to a lack of control, became fertile ground for malfeasance and the enrichment of individuals close to those in power.

Ključne riječi

World War I, Karlovac, City Council, City Government, Gustav Modrušan, Antun Golik, Dragan Šašel, provisioning

Hrčak ID:

191425

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/191425

Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 1.075 *