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Effects of Competitive Level and Gender on Anthropometric Profile and Physiological Attributes in Kickboxers

Maamer Slimani ; Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Sciences of Bizerte, Tunisia
Bianca Miarka ; Physical Education School, Federal University of Pelotas, Brazil
Foued Chéour ; High Institute of Applied Biology of Médenine, Tunisia


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 486 Kb

str. 267-264

preuzimanja: 515

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Sažetak

The aim of the study was to compare kickboxing competitive levels and genders in anthropometric, physical and
physiological attributes. The sample was composed of four groups (subelite: 6 men and 4 women; amateur: 10 men and 8
women). Anthropometric measurements, 20-meter Shuttle Run aerobic test, Countermovement Jump (CMJ), Medicine
Ball Throw (MBT), Bench Press and Back Squat Maximal Strength and Wingate-test for upper (UB) and lower-body
(LB) before were used. We found that the subelite male and female kickboxers achieved significantly higher UB (male:
subelite = 6.1±0.6 and 7.6±0.8 vs. 5.2±0.7 and 6.5±0.9 W.kg–1, respectively; female: subelite = 4.8±0.6 and 5.9±0.8 vs.
amateur = 3.7±0.8 and 4.1±1.1 W.kg–1, respectively), LB mean and peak power (male: subelite = 8.5±0.9 and 10.9±0.9 vs.
7.1±1.1 and 9.3±1.2 W.kg–1, respectively; female: subelite = 6.5±0.8 and 8.6±1.1 vs. amateur = 5.3±0.9 and 6.7±1.4 W.kg–1,
respectively). MBT (male: subelite = 4.6±0.3 vs. amateur = 4.1±0.4 m; female: subelite = 3.9±0.4 vs. amateur = 3.2±0.5 m)
and maximal oxygen uptake (male: subelite = 54.6±4.3 vs. amateur = 49.1±4.6 ml.min–1.kg–1; female: subelite = 47.6±3.2
vs. amateur = 42.2±3.8 ml.min–1.kg–1) than amateur kickboxers. The effects demonstrated significant difference between
male and female amateur kickboxers for anthropometric, physical and physiological performance (P<0.05) and a sexual
dimorphism when compared the female subelite level with male groups. The performance of male and female kickboxers
primarily depends on the anaerobic alactic and aerobic power.

Ključne riječi

sex characteristics, body composition, anaerobic power, muscle strength, physical endurance, kickboxing

Hrčak ID:

200349

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/200349

Posjeta: 762 *