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https://doi.org/10.2478/acph-2018-0032

Effect of surface hydrophobicity of therapeutic protein loaded in polyelectrolyte nanoparticles on transepithelial permeability

ANA MIKLAVŽIN ; Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Ljubljana, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia; Lek Pharmaceuticals d. d., Sandoz Development Center Slovenia, 1526 Ljubljana, Slovenia
MATEJA CEGNAR ; Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Ljubljana, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia; Lek Pharmaceuticals d. d., Sandoz Development Center Slovenia, 1526 Ljubljana, Slovenia
JANEZ KERČ ; Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Ljubljana, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia; Lek Pharmaceuticals d. d., Sandoz Development Center Slovenia, 1526 Ljubljana, Slovenia
JULIJANA KRISTL orcid id orcid.org/0000-0001-9136-6507 ; Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Ljubljana, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 872 Kb

str. 275-293

preuzimanja: 606

citiraj


Sažetak

Oral delivery of protein drugs is greatly limited by low hydrophobicity, an important determinant for intestinal epithelial permeation and bioavailability. Herein, surface properties of recombinant erythropoietin were investigated using the fluorescent dye bis-ANS to monitor relative hydrophobicity for correlation with permeabilities with Caco-2 cells. At various pHs, bis-ANS fluorescence intensity indicated different surface hydrophobicities of erythropoietin molecules. Erythropoietin incorporated in chitosan or chitosan-trimethylchitosan (CS-TMC) nanoparticles prepared by polyelectrolyte complexation and ionotropic gelation with tripolyphosphate also showed different surface hydrophobicities. Chitosan nanoparticles with erythropoietin provided the most hydrophobic surface, followed by free erythropoietin (in water) and that loaded into CS-TMC nanoparticles. Chitosan nanoparticles were more effective than CS-TMC nanoparticles for permeation of erythropoietin across Caco-2 cell monolayers; the lowest permeability was shown by erythropoietin itself. Thus, hydrophilic protein molecules complexed with polyelectrolytes can provide more hydrophobic surfaces that enhance transepthelial permeability. This bis-ANS method also provides valuable information for the design of polyelectrolyte nanoparticules for oral delivery of protein drugs.

Ključne riječi

erythropoietin, bis-ANS fluorescence intensity, chitosan, Caco-2 model, membrane permeability, oral drug delivery

Hrčak ID:

202048

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/202048

Posjeta: 997 *