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Pregledni rad

https://doi.org/10.24099/vet.arhiv.0116

Bovine mastitis: a persistent and evolving problem requiring novel approaches for its control - a review

Miroslav Benić ; Department for Bacteriology and Parasitology, Croatian Veterinary Institute, Zagreb, Croatia
Nino Maćešić ; Clinic for Reproduction and Obstetrics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Luka Cvetnić ; Department for Bacteriology and Parasitology, Croatian Veterinary Institute, Zagreb, Croatia
Boris Habrun ; Department for Bacteriology and Parasitology, Croatian Veterinary Institute, Zagreb, Croatia
Željko Cvetnić ; Department for Bacteriology and Parasitology, Croatian Veterinary Institute, Zagreb, Croatia
Romana Turk ; Department of Pathophysiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Dražen Đuričić ; Veterinary Practice Đurđevac, Đurđevac, Croatia
Martina Lojkić ; Clinic for Reproduction and Obstetrics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Vesna Dobranić ; Department of Hygiene, Technology and Food safety, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Hrvoje Valpotić ; Department for Nutrition and Animal husbandry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Juraj Grizelj ; Clinic for Reproduction and Obstetrics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Damjan Gračner ; Clinic for Internal diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Jozo Grbavac ; Faculty of Agriculture and Food biotechnology University of Mostar, Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Marko Samardžija orcid id orcid.org/0000-0003-0402-3173 ; Clinic for Reproduction and Obstetrics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 11.172 Kb

str. 535-557

preuzimanja: 1.239

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Sažetak

Mastitis in dairy cows is the inflammation of the mammary gland, and is the most important cause of economic losses in the modern dairy industry. Bovine mastitis is often infectious and can be caused by some 150 microbial species. The environment of the dairy cow is heavily colonized by microbiota, while milk is an ideal medium for propagation of the bacteria and causative agents. Staphylococcus aureus is the most common pathogen isolated from the mammary gland capable of causing health disorders in humans. Milk from an infected mammary gland has a different chemical composition compared to milk from healthy cows. Certain differences, such as protein components specific to inflamed tissue, are currently being considered in the development of diagnostic tools for mastitis. The known risk factors for mastitis can result in mastitis at the quarter, cow and herd levels. Mastitis treatment includes both preventive and therapy measures, and is primarily based on the use of antibiotics. Recent approaches to mastitis therapy have been focused on the design and use of natural therapeutics, such as zeolites, ozone and propolis, that could serve as alternatives to antibiotics.

Ključne riječi

mastitis, current knowledge, novel approaches, dairy cow

Hrčak ID:

203992

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/203992

Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 2.400 *