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Parental Smoking and Frequent Colds in Children

Milica GOMZI
Jasminka BOBIĆ

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 186 Kb

str. 789-806

preuzimanja: 617



The prospective study aiming at assessing the effect of
parental smoking on the susceptibility to colds and on
ventilatory lung function in preadolescent children was
carried out in the six-month period from November 1997
to April 1998. The study sample consisted of 337 school-
-children, second graders aged 8 to 9 yr, 224 from central
urban and 113 from suburban areas of continental Croatia.
Information on parental smoking and on socio-economic
status of the family was collected from a self-administered
questionnaire completed by the parents. During the six-month
period the incidence of acute respiratory diseases was surveyed
in children. Lung function tests were performed by spirometry.
Nearly 59 percent of Croatian children live in a
household with at least one smoker; 32% of mothers and
55% of their partners smoked. Both parents are smokers in
31% of families. In the investigated period the incidence of
colds in all children was 24,3%. The study demonstrates the
relationship between parental smoking in the household and
the reporting rates for doctor-diagnosed upper respiratory
illness; in children exposed to both parents' smoke OR=2.03
and in children from a family with one smoker OR=1.65 in
relation to non-smokers. No significant relationship between
exposure to parental smoking and the respiratory function of
preadolescent children was found. It can be concluded that
parents should be informed about the harmful effects of
smoking in childhood and should be advised to refrain from
smoking in the presence of children.

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