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Prethodno priopćenje

https://doi.org/10.17559/TV-20161201113235

Concept of External Costs Calculation in the Ports: Environmental Impacts

Alen Jugović orcid id orcid.org/0000-0001-5031-4655 ; University of Rijeka, Faculty of Maritime Studies Rijeka, Studentska 2, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia
Merica Slišković orcid id orcid.org/0000-0003-3951-9822 ; University of Split, Faculty of Maritime Studies Split, Ruđera Boškovića 37, 21000 Split, Croatia
Luka Vukić orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-7543-7798 ; University of Split, Faculty of Maritime Studies Split, Ruđera Boškovića 37, 21000 Split, Croatia


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 435 Kb

str. 495-502

preuzimanja: 664

citiraj


Sažetak

Calculation of external costs in ports is often based on the estimation of necessary input values. Such approach leads to the large differences between results of different researchers and does not show exactly the share of the individual polluter. Internalization of external costs as a tool of current European Union transport policy requires accurate data in order to realize the principle "polluter pays". Authors emphasize three main guidelines: air pollutant emission as a source of pollution, fixed number of people as an exposure to pollution and a certain way of interpretation of results. The calculation is based on values of emissions from ships rather than on values measured in air. Parameters for calculation are previously known from the ship registers, spreadsheets, and public documents, and only the fuel consumption measurement is desirable. The concept avoids the uncertainties in research as much as possible, enables identification of polluter and its share in total pollution, and could make valuation procedure more precise and fair.

Ključne riječi

exhaust emissions, external costs, maritime transport, port-city

Hrčak ID:

205949

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/205949

Posjeta: 1.021 *