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SOME PEDIATRIC SYNDROMES WITH DIFFICULT AIRWAYS IN NESTHESIA INDUCTION

DIANA BUTKOVIĆ ; Sveučilište u Osijeku, Medicinski fakultet, Osijek i Klinika za dječje bolesti Zagreb, Zagreb, Hrvatska


Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 164 Kb

str. 47-56

preuzimanja: 1.833

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Sažetak

Out of a large number of pediatric syndromes, some pose a problem of diffi cult pediatric airway. The defi nition of diffi cult
airway includes problems with facemask ventilation, diffi culties with laryngoscopy or with tracheal intubation. The most
common diffi cult airway problems in children with pediatric syndromes are caused by head deformities, maxillary or mandibular
hypoplasia, small mouths, limited mouth opening, big tongues, micro- and retrognathy, and limited neck mobility.
Pediatric syndromes with diffi cult airways include Apert sy, Beckwith-Wiedemann sy, Cornelia De Lange sy, achondroplasia,
CHARGE sy, Cri du chat sy, Crouzon sy, Pffeifer sy, Down sy, Hunter sy, Hurler sy, Goldenhar sy, Klippel- Feil sy, Pierre Robin
sy, Treacher Collins sy and epidermolysis bullosa. Rescue devices for diffi cult pediatric airway management are shown along
with each syndrome, e.g., supraglottic devices such as laryngeal mask airway, intubating introducer – gum elastic bougie,
lighted stylet, fi beroptic stylet, fl exible fi beroptic bronchoscope, indirect rigid laryngoscope and video laryngoscope. This
overview of pediatric syndromes with diffi cult airways, as well review of devices for diffi cult pediatric airway management is
intended for anesthesiologists who anesthetize children daily or periodically.

Ključne riječi

syndromes; pediatric; difficult airway; anesthesia

Hrčak ID:

209066

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/209066

Datum izdavanja:

18.11.2018.

Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 2.519 *