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JADRANKA KATANČIĆ ; Klinički bolnički centar Zagreb, Klinika za anesteziologiju, reanimatologiju i intenzivno liječenje, Zagreb, Hrvatska
MORENA MILIĆ ; linička bolnica Dubrava, Klinika za anesteziologiju, reanimatologiju i intenzivnu medicinu, Sveučilište u Dubrovniku, Dubrovnik, Hrvatska
TATJANA GORANOVIĆ ; Klinička bolnica Sveti Duh, Klinika za anesteziologiju, reanimatologiju i intenzivno liječenje, Zagreb i Sveučilište Josipa Jurja Strossmayera, Medicinski fakultet Osijek, Osijek, Hrvatska

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 426 Kb

str. 99-102

preuzimanja: 1.423



A possible anesthetic procedure for diagnostic endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) is presented. EBUS is a specifi c search for the diagnosis of newly emerged hilar and/or mediastinal lymphadenopathy and lung tumors. Anesthesia facilitates the performance of this diagnostic procedure for the patient and the physician. From previous studies, it is apparent that various anesthetic techniques are employed. The procedure can be performed in sedation with the application of local anesthetic and general anesthesia. When using local anesthetic sedation, the patient breathes spontaneously, general anesthesia maintains the respiratory tract with a laryngeal mask or an orotracheal tube. In the patient aged 57, body mass 94 kg, with regular pulmonary function according to ASA classifi cation, without known allergies, the EBUS diagnostic scan was indicated for increased lymph nodes in the mediastinum. Diagnostic EBUS is run on a remote site equipped with the Datex-Ohmeda S5 Aespire anesthetic device and the Philips IntelliVue MP60 monitor, and we adjusted the anesthetic process to the existing conditions. Heart rate, electrocardiogram, number of breaths, blood pressure, percentage of hemoglobin, oxygen saturation and pulse oximetry were monitored. Intravenous cannula was placed and infusion of 500 mL of 0.9% NaCl maintained. Following local anesthesia with 1-2 mL 1% lidocaine in the oropharyngeal area, the patient was sedated with midazolam (2.5 mg), n-fentanyl (5 mcg) and propofol (bolus 100 mg and continuous maintenance dose of 4 mg/min). After fl exible bronchoscopy through the nose for 5 min, the EBUS was continued through the mouth for 22 min. The diagnostic procedure took
a total of 27 min. During anesthesia, the patient was respiratory and hemodynamically stable. The patient breathed spontaneously with the addition of air/oxygen mixture 1:1, with a modality of 700 mL maximum volume and maximum frequency of 33/min. Such modifi cation achieved satisfactory ventilation and oxygen saturation at the periphery of 94±4%. Systemic blood pressure was 157±7 mm Hg and diastolic pressure 78±9 mm Hg. Heart rate was 88±8 min. After completing the diagnostic procedure, the patient woke up neatly. Anesthesia was without complications.

Ključne riječi

endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS); anesthesia

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Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

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