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EPIDEMIOLOGICAL INDICATORS OF SUICIDES IN THE REPUBLIC OF CROATIA

Dragica KOZARIĆ-KOVAČIĆ
Mirjana GRUBIŠIĆ-ILIĆ
Frane GRUBIŠIĆ
Zrnka KOVAČIĆ


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 12.243 Kb

str. 155-170

preuzimanja: 678

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Sažetak

The aim of the study was to investigate possible shifts of the suicide
rate during the last 15 years in the Republic of Croatia
(1985-2000), the distribution of male and female suicides according
to age and some other characteristics according to sex in
the 1990-2000 period, and the distribution of male and female
suicides during the war and post-war period. Data were collected
from the Suicide Register of the Ministry of the Interior. According
to the Register, 9987 suicides had been reported in 1990-2000.
The suicide rates in the last 15 years did not change as well as
during the war and post-war period. The suicide rate was 19.26.
The highest suicide rate was in the 15-30 age group and in those
older than 65 years. The women were on average five years older
than men. Hanging was the most frequent method of suicide
(50%). Men used firearms and explosives more often than women.
Medical problems were more often present among women
than men, as opposed to alcoholism, which was more present
among men. Almost 80% of the victims had previously verbally
announced suicide. Prevention efforts should be focused on alcoholism,
drug abuse, family crisis, reduction of firearms and explosives
possession, and improvement of economic status among
men, and toward previous suicide attempts, mental disorders
and unemployment among women. Among both sex groups
prevention must be directed toward the youth and the elderly and
verbal suicide announcement must be seriously estimated.

Ključne riječi

Hrčak ID:

19739

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/19739

Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski njemački

Posjeta: 1.859 *