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Pregledni rad

https://doi.org/10.17559/TV-20171021131845

Planning of Active Distribution Networks in Croatia

Rene Prenc orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-0579-5522 ; Faculty of Maritime Studies, University of Rijeka, Studentska ulica 2, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia
Ivan Strnad orcid id orcid.org/0000-0003-4706-2113 ; Pro Integris Ltd, Oreškovićeva 8J, 10010 Zagreb, Croatia
Vinko Tomas ; Faculty of Maritime Studies, University of Rijeka, Studentska ulica 2, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 1.413 Kb

str. 1867-1878

preuzimanja: 1.070

citiraj


Sažetak

This paper explores the concept of distribution network planning in Croatia from both theoretical and practical point of view. First, the types of distribution system planning are presented. Then the technical criteria for distribution network planning in Croatia are elaborated, according to the Croatian Grid Code and the standard practice of Croatia’s Distribution System Operator. The focus of this paper is to go through the basic differences between planning active and passive distribution networks in Croatia with special attention paid to voltage and power fluctuations caused by distributed generation units. Distribution network configurations that are used in Croatia are also displayed, especially in the context of redundancy and contingency analysis. The availability and type of input data for distribution network planning is thoroughly discussed. In addition, the paper addresses the challenges associated with the elimination of the 35 kV networks and the transition from 10 to 20 kV voltage level in Croatia. Finally, some relatively new but not yet exploited concepts are overviewed, like demand response and electric vehicles along with the future development of smart grids in Croatia.

Ključne riječi

active distribution networks, distribution network planning and operation, distributed generation, network configurations, smart grids

Hrčak ID:

212845

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/212845

Posjeta: 1.570 *