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DEPRESSIVE REACTIONS AS AN OUTCOME OF STRESS PROCESSES: THE STUDY ON IMPRISONMENT

Vesna BUŠKO
Alija KULENOVIĆ


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 212 Kb

str. 231-252

preuzimanja: 1.011

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Sažetak

Based on hypotheses of the transactional stress and coping
theory, the study examines the role of individual, situational and
mediating cognitive factors in accounting for depression in prison
inmates. Relevant demographic and criminological measures,
and self-report instruments for the assessment of several personality
dimensions, situational features, and mediating processes –
cognitive appraisals and coping strategies, were taken in the
sample of 475 males imprisoned in Croatian penal institutions.
Zung Self-report Depression Scale was administered as a shortterm
measure of inmate adjustment to imprisonment. Hierarchical
regression procedures were performed to assess relative predictive
power of particular groups of individual, situational and
mediating variables, with the cognitive appraisal on event controllability
taken as a moderator variable. Results showed that
personality dimensions and two sets of mediating processes variables
significantly contributed to the criterion variance, with both
levels of perceived controllability. The total amount of variance in
depression scores explained by the whole system of employed
predictors was 41% and 54%, for the low and high event controllability
groups, respectively. Observed moderator effects of event
controllability primarily refer to the role of coping strategies, i.e.,
to the amount of their additive contribution, and dissimilar adaptive
value of particular strategies in situations differing in the level
of perceived controllability.

Ključne riječi

Hrčak ID:

20167

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/20167

Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski njemački

Posjeta: 2.185 *