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Castella qui sunt super civitatem Salonitanam

Miroslav Katić ; Muzej hrvatskih arheoloških spomenika

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 20.951 Kb


str. 245-279

preuzimanja: 447


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 20.951 Kb


str. 245-279

preuzimanja: 195



Late Roman forts in the hinterland of Salona are
analyzed in this paper. They are mentioned in several
written historical sources: in the work De bellis
by Procopius of Caesarea, then in an incomplete
codicil from the 6th century mentioning Castella qui
sunt super civitatem Salonitanam. Klis is mentioned
in chapters 29 and 30 of De administrando Imperio
by Constantine Porphyrogenitus in the context of his
description of the Avaro-Slav conquest of Salona. It
was one of the forts erected along the Roman roads
that led from Salona to Andetrium (Muć), Osinium
and Tilurium. Forts were situated on the same road
routes: Klis, Markezina greda, Šutanj, Grubuša (Deciminum),
Gradina above Kukuzova Canyon, Sinj
(Osinium), and Trilj (Tilurium). Some of them stood
above churches and rural communities. In the latter
half of the 6th century, Markezina greda, Šutanj and
Gradina above the Kukuzova canyon were reinforced with outer defensive walls (proteichismas), typical
early Byzantine fortification methods. These fortified
structures ensured control over the approaches to Salona
and were part of its defensive system.

Ključne riječi

Salona; Late Roman forts; Roman roads; proteichismas

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